Important 2′-hydroxyl groups in model substrates for M1 RNA, the catalytic RNA subunit of RNase P from Escherichia coli

Jean Pierre Perreault, Sidney Altman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

86 Scopus citations

Abstract

The role of 2′-hydroxyl groups in a model substrate for RNase P from Escherichia coli was studied using mixed DNA/RNA derivatives of such a substrate. The presence of the 2′-hydroxyl groups of nucleotides at positions -1 and -2 in the leader sequence and at position 1, as well as at the first C in the 3′-terminal CCA sequence, are important but not absolutely essential for efficient cleavage of the substrate by RNase P or its catalytic RNA subunit, M1 RNA. The 2′-hydroxyl groups in the substrate that are important for efficient cleavage also participate in the binding of Mg2+. An all-DNA external guide sequence (EGS) can efficiently render a potential substrate, derived from the model substrate, susceptible to cleavage by the enzyme or its catalytic RNA subunit. Furthermore, both DNA and RNA EGSs turn over during the reaction with RNase P in vitro. The identity of the nucleotide at position 1 in the substrate, the adjacent Mg2+-binding site in the leader sequence, and the junction of the single and double-stranded regions are the important elements in the recognition of model substrates, as well as in the identification of the sites of cleavage in those model substrates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)399-409
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of molecular biology
Volume226
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 20 1992
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Mg-binding site
  • RNA/DNA mixed substrates
  • RNase P
  • catalytic RNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Structural Biology
  • Molecular Biology

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