Implications of high-molecular-weight oligomers of the binary toxin from Bacillus sphaericus

A. W. Smith, A. Cámara-Artigas, D. C. Brune, James Allen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


The mosquito-larvicidal binary toxin produced by Bacillus sphaericus is composed of BinB and BinA, which have calculated molecular weights of 51.4 and 41.9 kDa, respectively. NaOH extracts of B. sphaericus spores were analyzed using SDS-PAGE. Stained gels showed bands with molecular weights corresponding to those of BinB and BinA as well as two additional bands at 110 and 125 kDa. The matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrum of the purified 110 and 125 kDa bands showed two peaks at 104,160 and 87,358 Da that are assigned to dimers of BinB and BinA, respectively. Mass spectral analysis of trypsin-digested 110 and 125 kDa bands showed peaks at 51,328, 43,523, 43,130, and 40,832 Da that assigned to undigested BinB, two forms of digested BinB and digested BinA, respectively. Dynamic light scattering studies showed a solution of the purified 110 and 125 kDa bands was comprised almost entirely (99.6% of total mass) of a particle with a hydrodynamic radius of 5.6 ± 1.2 nm and a calculated molecular weight of 186 ± 38 kDa. These data demonstrate that the binary toxin extracted from B. sphaericus spores can exist in solution as an oligomer containing two copies each of BinB and BinA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)27-33
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Invertebrate Pathology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2005


  • AB toxin
  • Anopheles
  • Culex
  • Dynamic light scattering
  • Larvicide
  • Mass spectrometry
  • Mosquitocidal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics


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