The velocity field of a circular water jet impinging onto a flat plate has been measured using particle image velocimetry, or PIV. The velocity field has been recorded at several instants in time, producing thousands of simultaneous two-dimensional velocity measurements for each realization. The instantaneous velocity, vorticity and rate-of-strain fields reveal the interaction of vortices near the impinging wall within the radial wall jet downstream from the stagnation point. An ensemble average of the instantaneous fields produces a mean velocity field of the jet flow, which reveals many of the processes leading to boundary layer separation and vortex breakaway within the wall jet. The PIV system extracts the velocity measurements using a two-dimensional autocorrelation method, and can obtain thousands of highly accurate velocity measurements within a few minutes. The structure found in these experiments may be similar to the ground level structure of atmospheric microburst phenomena.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Computational Mechanics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes