Impact simulation in the gravity regime: Exploring the effects of parent body size and internal structure

P. G. Benavidez, D. D. Durda, B. Enke, A. Campo Bagatin, D. C. Richardson, E. Asphaug, W. F. Bottke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this work we extend the systematic investigation of impact outcomes of 100-km-diameter targets started by Durda et al. (2007) and Benavidez et al. (2012) to targets of D = 400. km using the same range of impact conditions and two internal structures: monolithic and rubble-pile. We performed a new set of simulations in the gravity regime for targets of 400. km in diameter using these same internal structures. This provides a large set of 600 simulations performed in a systematic way that permits a thorough analysis of the impact outcomes and evaluation of the main features of the size frequency distribution due mostly to self-gravity. In addition, we use the impact outcomes to attempt to constrain the impact conditions of the asteroid belt where known asteroid families with a large expected parent body were formed. We have found fairly good matches for the Eunomia and Hygiea families. In addition, we identified a potential acceptable match to the Vesta family from a monolithic parent body of 468. km. The impact conditions of the best matches suggest that these families were formed in a dynamically excited belt. The results also suggest that the parent body of the Eunomia family could be a monolithic body of 382. km diameter, while the one for Hygiea could have a rubble-pile internal structure of 416. km diameter.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalIcarus
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 11 2017

Keywords

  • Asteroid families
  • Collisional physics
  • Impact process

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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    Benavidez, P. G., Durda, D. D., Enke, B., Bagatin, A. C., Richardson, D. C., Asphaug, E., & Bottke, W. F. (Accepted/In press). Impact simulation in the gravity regime: Exploring the effects of parent body size and internal structure. Icarus. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.icarus.2017.05.030