Impact of spatially heterogeneous temperature on the dynamics of dengue epidemics

Naveen K. Vaidya, Xianping Li, Feng Bin Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

In recent years, the growing spatial spread of dengue, a mosquito-borne disease, has been a major international public health concern. In this paper, we propose a mathematical model to describe an impact of spatially heterogeneous temperature on the dynamics of dengue epidemics. We first consider homogeneous temperature profiles across space and study sensitivity of the basic reproduction number to the environmental temperature. We then introduce spatially heterogeneous temperature into the model and establish some important properties of dengue dynamics. In particular, we formulate two indices, mosquito reproduction number and infection invasion threshold, which completely determine the global threshold dynamics of the model. We also perform numerical simulations to explore the impact of spatially heterogeneous temperature on the disease dynamics. Our analytical and numerical results reveal that spatial heterogeneity of temperature can have significant impact on expansion of dengue epidemics. Our results, including threshold indices, may provide useful information for effective deployment of spatially targeted interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)321-349
Number of pages29
JournalDiscrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems - Series B
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Basic Reproductive Number
  • Dengue Epidemics
  • Diffusion
  • Principal Eigenvalue
  • Spatially Heterogeneous Temperature
  • Spectral Radius
  • Threshold Dynamics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Discrete Mathematics and Combinatorics
  • Applied Mathematics

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