Abstract

Increased out-migration from rural areas indicates a significant socio-demographic shift that is increasingly being studied for its impact on community-based forestry institutions. Previous studies in Nepal, Mexico and India have highlighted changes in community-based forestry institutions through increased participation of women following out-migration of men. Therefore, this paper analyses the participation of women in Van Panchayats in a representative sample of six Van Panchayats from Almora district, which is facing one of the highest rates of out-migration in Kumaon region of India. The analysis suggests there is low participation of women in the leadership positions of Van Panchayats despite landmark legislations to increase women's participation. Further, there was no statistically significant difference between participation of women from migrant versus non-migrant households in general assembly meetings of Van Panchayats, suggesting lack of supporting evidence on previous claims about out-migration leading to increased participation of women. Moreover, the position of women in the household (whether household head or not) was significant in explaining their participation in Van Panchayats, and other community-based institutions. The reported findings are relevant to the design of gender inclusive public policy on Van Panchayats as well as to the literature on impact of out-migration on community-based forestry.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)212-224
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Forestry Review
Volume21
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2019

Fingerprint

community service
out-migration
forestry
India
participation
community
households
leadership
public policy
Nepal
woman
rural areas
laws and regulations
rural area
gender
legislation
demographic statistics
Mexico
migrant
district

Keywords

  • community-based forestry
  • gender policy
  • gendered participation
  • out-migration
  • van panchayats

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Forestry
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Ecology

Cite this

@article{311edc3d8c874dd29464e808f7024252,
title = "Impact of Out-Migration of Men on Women's Participation in Community-Based Forestry: Insights from Van Panchayats of Uttarakhand, India",
abstract = "Increased out-migration from rural areas indicates a significant socio-demographic shift that is increasingly being studied for its impact on community-based forestry institutions. Previous studies in Nepal, Mexico and India have highlighted changes in community-based forestry institutions through increased participation of women following out-migration of men. Therefore, this paper analyses the participation of women in Van Panchayats in a representative sample of six Van Panchayats from Almora district, which is facing one of the highest rates of out-migration in Kumaon region of India. The analysis suggests there is low participation of women in the leadership positions of Van Panchayats despite landmark legislations to increase women's participation. Further, there was no statistically significant difference between participation of women from migrant versus non-migrant households in general assembly meetings of Van Panchayats, suggesting lack of supporting evidence on previous claims about out-migration leading to increased participation of women. Moreover, the position of women in the household (whether household head or not) was significant in explaining their participation in Van Panchayats, and other community-based institutions. The reported findings are relevant to the design of gender inclusive public policy on Van Panchayats as well as to the literature on impact of out-migration on community-based forestry.",
keywords = "community-based forestry, gender policy, gendered participation, out-migration, van panchayats",
author = "G. Prateek and Richard Knopf and Rimjhim Aggarwal",
year = "2019",
month = "5",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1505/146554819826606586",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "21",
pages = "212--224",
journal = "International Forestry Review",
issn = "1465-5489",
publisher = "Commonwealth Forestry Association",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Impact of Out-Migration of Men on Women's Participation in Community-Based Forestry

T2 - Insights from Van Panchayats of Uttarakhand, India

AU - Prateek, G.

AU - Knopf, Richard

AU - Aggarwal, Rimjhim

PY - 2019/5/1

Y1 - 2019/5/1

N2 - Increased out-migration from rural areas indicates a significant socio-demographic shift that is increasingly being studied for its impact on community-based forestry institutions. Previous studies in Nepal, Mexico and India have highlighted changes in community-based forestry institutions through increased participation of women following out-migration of men. Therefore, this paper analyses the participation of women in Van Panchayats in a representative sample of six Van Panchayats from Almora district, which is facing one of the highest rates of out-migration in Kumaon region of India. The analysis suggests there is low participation of women in the leadership positions of Van Panchayats despite landmark legislations to increase women's participation. Further, there was no statistically significant difference between participation of women from migrant versus non-migrant households in general assembly meetings of Van Panchayats, suggesting lack of supporting evidence on previous claims about out-migration leading to increased participation of women. Moreover, the position of women in the household (whether household head or not) was significant in explaining their participation in Van Panchayats, and other community-based institutions. The reported findings are relevant to the design of gender inclusive public policy on Van Panchayats as well as to the literature on impact of out-migration on community-based forestry.

AB - Increased out-migration from rural areas indicates a significant socio-demographic shift that is increasingly being studied for its impact on community-based forestry institutions. Previous studies in Nepal, Mexico and India have highlighted changes in community-based forestry institutions through increased participation of women following out-migration of men. Therefore, this paper analyses the participation of women in Van Panchayats in a representative sample of six Van Panchayats from Almora district, which is facing one of the highest rates of out-migration in Kumaon region of India. The analysis suggests there is low participation of women in the leadership positions of Van Panchayats despite landmark legislations to increase women's participation. Further, there was no statistically significant difference between participation of women from migrant versus non-migrant households in general assembly meetings of Van Panchayats, suggesting lack of supporting evidence on previous claims about out-migration leading to increased participation of women. Moreover, the position of women in the household (whether household head or not) was significant in explaining their participation in Van Panchayats, and other community-based institutions. The reported findings are relevant to the design of gender inclusive public policy on Van Panchayats as well as to the literature on impact of out-migration on community-based forestry.

KW - community-based forestry

KW - gender policy

KW - gendered participation

KW - out-migration

KW - van panchayats

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85067553581&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85067553581&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1505/146554819826606586

DO - 10.1505/146554819826606586

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85067553581

VL - 21

SP - 212

EP - 224

JO - International Forestry Review

JF - International Forestry Review

SN - 1465-5489

IS - 2

ER -