Impact of an artificial surfactant release on air-sea gas fluxes during Deep Ocean Gas Exchange Experiment II

M. E. Salter, R. C. Upstill-Goddard, P. D. Nightingale, S. D. Archer, B. Blomquist, D. T. Ho, B. Huebert, P. Schlosser, M. Yang

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Abstract

During the 2007 UK SOLAS Deep Ocean Gas Exchange Experiment in the northeast Atlantic Ocean, we conducted the first ever study of the effect of a deliberately released surfactant (oleyl alcohol) on gas transfer velocities (kw) in the open ocean. Exchange rates were estimated with the 3He/SF6 dual tracer technique and from measured sea-to-air DMS fluxes and surface water concentrations. A total of seven kw estimates derived from 3He/SF6 were made, two of which were deemed to be influenced by the surfactant. These exhibited suppression from ∼5% to 55% at intermediate wind speeds (U10) in the range 7.2-10.7 m s-1. Similarly, kw determined from DMS data (kDMS) was also depressed by the surfactant; suppression ranged from ∼39% at 5.0 m s-1 to ∼24% at 10.8 m s-1. Surfactant thus has the potential to measurably suppress gas exchange rates even at moderate to high wind speeds.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberC11016
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Oceans
Volume116
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2011
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Forestry
  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology

Cite this

Salter, M. E., Upstill-Goddard, R. C., Nightingale, P. D., Archer, S. D., Blomquist, B., Ho, D. T., Huebert, B., Schlosser, P., & Yang, M. (2011). Impact of an artificial surfactant release on air-sea gas fluxes during Deep Ocean Gas Exchange Experiment II. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 116(11), [C11016]. https://doi.org/10.1029/2011JC007023