Imaging the seismic structure of the crust and upper mantle beneath the Great Plains, Rio Grande Rift, and Colorado Plateau using receiver functions

David Wilson, Richard Aster, James Ni, Stephen Grand, Michael West, Wei Gao, W. Scott Baldridge, Steve Semken

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Abstract

The seismic structure of the crust and upper mantle of the southwestern United States is examined using receiver functions calculated from teleseismic arrivals recorded in the Colorado Plateau-Rio Grande Rift-Great Plains Seismic Transect (LA RISTRA) experiment. We apply receiver function estimation and filtering methods developed by Wilson And Aster (2005) to produce receiver functions with decreased sensitivity to noise and deconvolutional instability. Crustal thickness and Vp/Vs, ratios are estimated using both direct and reverberated P-to-S receiver function modes. We apply regularized receiver function migration methods to produce a multiple-suppressed image of the velocity discontinuity structure of the subsurface. Our results show that crustal thickness averages 44.1 ± 2.3 kin beneath the Great Plains (GP) and 45.6 ± 1.1 km beneath the Colorado Plateau (CP). Crustal thinning beneath the Rio Grande Rift (RGR) is broadly symmetric about the rift axis, with the thinnest crust (35 km) located directly beneath the rift axis, suggesting a pure shear stretched lithosphere beneath the RGR. We also observe a prominent northwest dipping discontinuity, ranging from 65 to 85 km deep beneath the CP, and possible subcrustal discontinuities beneath the GP. These discontinuities, along with recent xenolith data, are consistent with preserved ancient lithospheric structures such As relict suture zones associated with Proterozoic subduction. We observe an upper mantle discontinuity, at 220-300 km depth that may correlate with similar discontiuities observed beneath eastern North America. We also observe relatively flat discontinuities at 410 and 660 km depth, indicating there is not a large-scale thermal anomaly beneath the RGR at these depths.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberB05306
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth
Volume110
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 4 2005

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science

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