Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system

C. E. Max, S. S. Olivier, H. W. Friedman, J. An, K. Avicola, B. V. Beeman, H. D. Bissinger, J. M. Brase, G. V. Erbert, D. T. Gavel, K. Kanz, M. C. Liu, B. Macintosh, K. P. Neeb, J. Patience, K. E. Waltjen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

148 Scopus citations

Abstract

A sodium-layer laser guide star beacon with high-order adaptive optics at Lick Observatory (Mount Hamilton, California) produced a factor of 2.4 intensity increase and a factor of 2 decrease in full width at half maximum for an astronomical point source, compared with image motion compensation alone. The image full widths at half maximum were identical for laser and natural guide stars (0.3 arc second). The Strehl ratio with the laser guide star was 65 percent of that with a natural guide star. This technique should allow ground-based telescopes to attain the diffraction limit, by correcting for atmospheric distortions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1649-1652
Number of pages4
JournalScience
Volume277
Issue number5332
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 12 1997
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

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    Max, C. E., Olivier, S. S., Friedman, H. W., An, J., Avicola, K., Beeman, B. V., Bissinger, H. D., Brase, J. M., Erbert, G. V., Gavel, D. T., Kanz, K., Liu, M. C., Macintosh, B., Neeb, K. P., Patience, J., & Waltjen, K. E. (1997). Image improvement from a sodium-layer laser guide star adaptive optics system. Science, 277(5332), 1649-1652. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.277.5332.1649