Ignition and combustion characteristics of liquid fuel droplets containing metal nanoparticles

Taewoo Lee, Himanshu Tyagi, David Sonenschein, Patrick Phelan, Ravi Prasher, Robert Peck, Paul Arentzen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Basic ignition, evaporation and combustion behavior of liquid fuel droplets containing metal nanoparticles is experimentally investigated. The addition of metal nanoparticles enhances the ignition and evaporation of the liquid fuel droplets, even at low volume fraction of the nanoparticles (0.1% to 0.5%). These enhancements were, however, independent of the amount, type and size of the nanoparticles and limited to ignition and low temperature evaporation conditions. At higher temperatures, evaporation and combustion rates of the liquid droplets were not significantly affected by addition of nanoparticles. The data suggest, therefore, that the primary role of nanoparticles is in enhancing the thermal diffusion during initiation phase (ignition and low-temperature evaporation) where even in very small amounts addition of nanoparticles increases the ignition probability and evaporation rates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2008 Proceedings of the ASME Summer Heat Transfer Conference, HT 2008
Pages243-248
Number of pages6
Volume3
StatePublished - 2009
Event2008 ASME Summer Heat Transfer Conference, HT 2008 - Jacksonville, FL, United States
Duration: Aug 10 2008Aug 14 2008

Other

Other2008 ASME Summer Heat Transfer Conference, HT 2008
CountryUnited States
CityJacksonville, FL
Period8/10/088/14/08

Fingerprint

Metal nanoparticles
Liquid fuels
Ignition
Evaporation
Nanoparticles
Thermal diffusion
Temperature
Volume fraction
Liquids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Lee, T., Tyagi, H., Sonenschein, D., Phelan, P., Prasher, R., Peck, R., & Arentzen, P. (2009). Ignition and combustion characteristics of liquid fuel droplets containing metal nanoparticles. In 2008 Proceedings of the ASME Summer Heat Transfer Conference, HT 2008 (Vol. 3, pp. 243-248)

Ignition and combustion characteristics of liquid fuel droplets containing metal nanoparticles. / Lee, Taewoo; Tyagi, Himanshu; Sonenschein, David; Phelan, Patrick; Prasher, Ravi; Peck, Robert; Arentzen, Paul.

2008 Proceedings of the ASME Summer Heat Transfer Conference, HT 2008. Vol. 3 2009. p. 243-248.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Lee, T, Tyagi, H, Sonenschein, D, Phelan, P, Prasher, R, Peck, R & Arentzen, P 2009, Ignition and combustion characteristics of liquid fuel droplets containing metal nanoparticles. in 2008 Proceedings of the ASME Summer Heat Transfer Conference, HT 2008. vol. 3, pp. 243-248, 2008 ASME Summer Heat Transfer Conference, HT 2008, Jacksonville, FL, United States, 8/10/08.
Lee T, Tyagi H, Sonenschein D, Phelan P, Prasher R, Peck R et al. Ignition and combustion characteristics of liquid fuel droplets containing metal nanoparticles. In 2008 Proceedings of the ASME Summer Heat Transfer Conference, HT 2008. Vol. 3. 2009. p. 243-248
Lee, Taewoo ; Tyagi, Himanshu ; Sonenschein, David ; Phelan, Patrick ; Prasher, Ravi ; Peck, Robert ; Arentzen, Paul. / Ignition and combustion characteristics of liquid fuel droplets containing metal nanoparticles. 2008 Proceedings of the ASME Summer Heat Transfer Conference, HT 2008. Vol. 3 2009. pp. 243-248
@inproceedings{8fa3df6268be4367a2261daa0aaf60d7,
title = "Ignition and combustion characteristics of liquid fuel droplets containing metal nanoparticles",
abstract = "Basic ignition, evaporation and combustion behavior of liquid fuel droplets containing metal nanoparticles is experimentally investigated. The addition of metal nanoparticles enhances the ignition and evaporation of the liquid fuel droplets, even at low volume fraction of the nanoparticles (0.1{\%} to 0.5{\%}). These enhancements were, however, independent of the amount, type and size of the nanoparticles and limited to ignition and low temperature evaporation conditions. At higher temperatures, evaporation and combustion rates of the liquid droplets were not significantly affected by addition of nanoparticles. The data suggest, therefore, that the primary role of nanoparticles is in enhancing the thermal diffusion during initiation phase (ignition and low-temperature evaporation) where even in very small amounts addition of nanoparticles increases the ignition probability and evaporation rates.",
author = "Taewoo Lee and Himanshu Tyagi and David Sonenschein and Patrick Phelan and Ravi Prasher and Robert Peck and Paul Arentzen",
year = "2009",
language = "English (US)",
isbn = "9780791848487",
volume = "3",
pages = "243--248",
booktitle = "2008 Proceedings of the ASME Summer Heat Transfer Conference, HT 2008",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Ignition and combustion characteristics of liquid fuel droplets containing metal nanoparticles

AU - Lee, Taewoo

AU - Tyagi, Himanshu

AU - Sonenschein, David

AU - Phelan, Patrick

AU - Prasher, Ravi

AU - Peck, Robert

AU - Arentzen, Paul

PY - 2009

Y1 - 2009

N2 - Basic ignition, evaporation and combustion behavior of liquid fuel droplets containing metal nanoparticles is experimentally investigated. The addition of metal nanoparticles enhances the ignition and evaporation of the liquid fuel droplets, even at low volume fraction of the nanoparticles (0.1% to 0.5%). These enhancements were, however, independent of the amount, type and size of the nanoparticles and limited to ignition and low temperature evaporation conditions. At higher temperatures, evaporation and combustion rates of the liquid droplets were not significantly affected by addition of nanoparticles. The data suggest, therefore, that the primary role of nanoparticles is in enhancing the thermal diffusion during initiation phase (ignition and low-temperature evaporation) where even in very small amounts addition of nanoparticles increases the ignition probability and evaporation rates.

AB - Basic ignition, evaporation and combustion behavior of liquid fuel droplets containing metal nanoparticles is experimentally investigated. The addition of metal nanoparticles enhances the ignition and evaporation of the liquid fuel droplets, even at low volume fraction of the nanoparticles (0.1% to 0.5%). These enhancements were, however, independent of the amount, type and size of the nanoparticles and limited to ignition and low temperature evaporation conditions. At higher temperatures, evaporation and combustion rates of the liquid droplets were not significantly affected by addition of nanoparticles. The data suggest, therefore, that the primary role of nanoparticles is in enhancing the thermal diffusion during initiation phase (ignition and low-temperature evaporation) where even in very small amounts addition of nanoparticles increases the ignition probability and evaporation rates.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=70349116114&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=70349116114&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:70349116114

SN - 9780791848487

VL - 3

SP - 243

EP - 248

BT - 2008 Proceedings of the ASME Summer Heat Transfer Conference, HT 2008

ER -