The triazine herbicides inhibit photosynthesis by blocking electron transport at the second stable electron acceptor of photosystem II. This electron transport component of chloroplast thylakoid membranes is a protein-plastoquinone complex termed 'B'. The polypeptide that is believed to be a component of the B complex has recently been identified as a 32- to 34-kilodalton polypeptide by using a photoaffinity labeling probe, azido-[14 C]atrazine. A 34-kilodalton polypeptide of pea chloroplasts rapidly incorporates [35S]methionine in vivo and is also a rapidly labeled product of chloroplast-directed protein synthesis. Trypsin treatment of membranes tagged with azido-[14C]atrazine, [35S]methionine in vivo, or [35S]methionine in isolated intact chloroplasts results in identical, sequential alterations of the 34-kilodalton polypeptide to species of 32, then 18 and 16 kilodaltons. From the identical pattern of susceptibility to trypsin we conclude that the rapidly synthesized 34-kilodalton polypeptide that is a product of chloroplast-directed protein synthesis is identical to the triazine herbicide-binding protein of photosystem II. Chloroplasts of both triazine-susceptible and triazine-resistant biotypes of Amaranthus hybridus synthesize the 34-kilodalton polypeptide, but that of the resistant biotype does not bind the herbicide.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|Issue number||12 II|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1981|
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