Serine phosphorylation of insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-I) can regulate tyrosine phosphorylation of IRS-1 and subsequent insulin signaling. The 182 serine and 60 threonine residues in IRS-1 make position-by-position analysis of potential phosphorylation sites by mutagenesis difficult. Tandein mass spectrometry provides a more efficient way to identify phosphorylated residues in IRS-1. Toward this end, we overexpressed glutatliione S-transferase-IRS-1 fusion proteins in E. coli and treated them in vitro with various kinases followed by identification of phosphorylation sites using high-performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry. Nine phosphorylation sites were detected in the tryptic digests of middle and C-tenninal regions of 1RS-1 treated with protein kinase A or extracellular signal-regulated kinase 2. Of these sites, five have not previously been detected by any method and provide novel candidates for identification in cells or in vivo.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry