Identification of candidate material systems for quantum dot solar cells including the effect of strain

Som N. Dahal, Stephen P. Bremner, Christiana Honsberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Heterostructures that include self-assembled quantum dots (SAQDs) have been suggested as model systems for the realization of novel high efficiency solar cells such as those based on intermediate bands (IBs). The lattice mismatch in the epitaxial growth of these structures, necessary for the formation of SAQDs, introduces strain throughout the structure, making the selection of materials systems with appropriate physical parameters problematic. The model solid theory is used to calculate the energy band edge alignment at T point of such quantum dot (QD) heterostructures including the effects of strain. With the modified band gaps due to strain, a materials search was performed for high efficiency QD solar cells among III-V binaries and ternaries with negligible valence band offsets. This requirement of the valence band offset along with the limited band gap ranges for optimum efficiency results in only a few feasible materials systems being identified. The optimum barrier/dot material system found was Al0.57In0.43As/InP0.87Sb0.13 grown on lattice matched metamorphic buffer layer, but due to miscibility gap concerns it is suggested that the Al0.50In0.50As/InAs 0.41P0.59 fully strained systemmay be preferred.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)233-239
Number of pages7
JournalProgress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications
Volume18
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2010

Keywords

  • Band edge alignment
  • Intermediate band solar cells
  • Lattice mismatch
  • Quantum dots
  • Strain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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