Identification of bacteriophage K20 binding regions of OmpF and lipopolysaccharide in Escherichia coli K-12

Michael Traurig, Rajeev Misra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Two classes of phage K20 resistant Escherichia coli K-12 mutants were obtained. One class of mutants possessed alterations within the ompF gene while the rfa gene cluster, which is responsible for lipopolysaccharide (LPS) synthesis, was affected in the second class of mutants. The OmpF mutants contained substitutions affecting residues localized within the surface-exposed loops 5, 6 or 7. A single deletion mutation resulted in the removal of eight residues of loop 5. These alterations prevented the binding of K20 to cell surface without affecting OmpF's channel activity. One LPS mutant characterized in detail contained an unusual aberration within the rfa gene cluster caused by an IS5 element. Its insertion mediated a deletion encompassing the rfaBIJ genes. Genetic complementation analysis revealed that the rfaB gene, whose product catalyzes the addition of a galactose residue to the first glucose molecule of the LPS core, is necessary to synthesize LPS able to serve as a co-receptor for phage K20. Copyright (C) 1999 Federation of European Microbiological Societies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)101-108
Number of pages8
JournalFEMS Microbiology Letters
Volume181
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 1999

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Bacteriophages
Lipopolysaccharides
Escherichia coli
Multigene Family
Genes
Virus Receptors
Sequence Deletion
Galactose
Glucose

Keywords

  • Lipopolysaccharide
  • OmpF
  • Phage receptor
  • Porin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Molecular Biology
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Microbiology

Cite this

Identification of bacteriophage K20 binding regions of OmpF and lipopolysaccharide in Escherichia coli K-12. / Traurig, Michael; Misra, Rajeev.

In: FEMS Microbiology Letters, Vol. 181, No. 1, 01.12.1999, p. 101-108.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Two classes of phage K20 resistant Escherichia coli K-12 mutants were obtained. One class of mutants possessed alterations within the ompF gene while the rfa gene cluster, which is responsible for lipopolysaccharide (LPS) synthesis, was affected in the second class of mutants. The OmpF mutants contained substitutions affecting residues localized within the surface-exposed loops 5, 6 or 7. A single deletion mutation resulted in the removal of eight residues of loop 5. These alterations prevented the binding of K20 to cell surface without affecting OmpF's channel activity. One LPS mutant characterized in detail contained an unusual aberration within the rfa gene cluster caused by an IS5 element. Its insertion mediated a deletion encompassing the rfaBIJ genes. Genetic complementation analysis revealed that the rfaB gene, whose product catalyzes the addition of a galactose residue to the first glucose molecule of the LPS core, is necessary to synthesize LPS able to serve as a co-receptor for phage K20. Copyright (C) 1999 Federation of European Microbiological Societies.",
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N2 - Two classes of phage K20 resistant Escherichia coli K-12 mutants were obtained. One class of mutants possessed alterations within the ompF gene while the rfa gene cluster, which is responsible for lipopolysaccharide (LPS) synthesis, was affected in the second class of mutants. The OmpF mutants contained substitutions affecting residues localized within the surface-exposed loops 5, 6 or 7. A single deletion mutation resulted in the removal of eight residues of loop 5. These alterations prevented the binding of K20 to cell surface without affecting OmpF's channel activity. One LPS mutant characterized in detail contained an unusual aberration within the rfa gene cluster caused by an IS5 element. Its insertion mediated a deletion encompassing the rfaBIJ genes. Genetic complementation analysis revealed that the rfaB gene, whose product catalyzes the addition of a galactose residue to the first glucose molecule of the LPS core, is necessary to synthesize LPS able to serve as a co-receptor for phage K20. Copyright (C) 1999 Federation of European Microbiological Societies.

AB - Two classes of phage K20 resistant Escherichia coli K-12 mutants were obtained. One class of mutants possessed alterations within the ompF gene while the rfa gene cluster, which is responsible for lipopolysaccharide (LPS) synthesis, was affected in the second class of mutants. The OmpF mutants contained substitutions affecting residues localized within the surface-exposed loops 5, 6 or 7. A single deletion mutation resulted in the removal of eight residues of loop 5. These alterations prevented the binding of K20 to cell surface without affecting OmpF's channel activity. One LPS mutant characterized in detail contained an unusual aberration within the rfa gene cluster caused by an IS5 element. Its insertion mediated a deletion encompassing the rfaBIJ genes. Genetic complementation analysis revealed that the rfaB gene, whose product catalyzes the addition of a galactose residue to the first glucose molecule of the LPS core, is necessary to synthesize LPS able to serve as a co-receptor for phage K20. Copyright (C) 1999 Federation of European Microbiological Societies.

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