Neurons produce polypeptides which can bind the calcium-poor or pre- activated form of calmodulin. It is expected that this class of peptide will serve an important role in maintaining cellular homeostasis since it would modulate calcium-dependent target regulation and redirect intracellular signaling. The lack of conserved sequence has made the identification of these peptides difficult, consequently leading us to exploit their property of binding calcium-poor calmodulin as a means of finding new species. A new peptide termed Calmodulin-Associated Peptide-19 (CAP-19) was purified and characterized. The protein-sequence information was employed in order to recover a cDNA clone from rat which included the entire reading frame for the peptide. Like its counterparts, neuromodulin (GAP-43), neurogranin (RC3) and PEP-19, it contains an IQ motif although the remainder of the peptide is quite different. Northern blot analysis of ribonucleic acid (RNA) from animals of differing ages indicated that the message appears at birth and then persists into adulthood. Antibodies to synthetic peptide were employed for localizing CAP-19. The results indicated that the peptide was localized to neurons in several brain regions. CAP-19 is similar to other calmodulin- binding proteins in that the domain spanning the IQ motif was demonstrated to participate in binding to calmodulin. Database searching showed CAP-19 to be homologous to the silkworm protein, multiprotein bridging factor 1 (MBF1). This homology suggests a potential new role for calmodulin-associated proteins in cellular homeostasis.
- IQ motif
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience