Hydrogen partitioning between melt, clinopyroxene, and garnet at 3 GPa in a hydrous MORB with 6 wt.% H2O

Cyril Aubaud, Marc M. Hirschmann, Anthony C. Withers, Richard Hervig

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

50 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To understand partitioning of hydrogen between hydrous basaltic and andesitic liquids and coexisting clinopyroxene and garnet, experiments using a mid-ocean ridge basalt (MORB) + 6 wt.% H2O were conducted at 3 GPa and 1,150-1,325°C. These included both isothermal and controlled cooling rate crystallization experiments, as crystals from the former were too small for ion microprobe (SIMS) analyses. Three runs at lower bulk water content are also reported. H2O was measured in minerals by SIMS and in glasses by SIMS, Fourier Transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and from oxide totals of electron microprobe (EMP) analyses. At 3 GPa, the liquidus for MORB with 6 wt.% H2O is between 1,300 and 1,325°C. In the temperature interval investigated, the melt proportion varies from 100 to 45% and the modes of garnet and clinopyroxene are nearly equal. Liquid composition varies from basaltic to andesitic. The crystallization experiments starting from above the liquidus failed to nucleate garnets, but those starting from below the liquidus crystallized both garnet and clinopyroxene. SIMS analyses of glasses with >7 wt.% H2O yield spuriously low concentrations, perhaps owing to hydrogen degassing in the ultra-high vacuum of the ion microprobe sample chamber. FTIR and EMP analyses show that the glasses have 3.4 to 11.9 wt.% water, whilst SIMS analyses indicate that clinopyroxenes have 1,340-2,330 ppm and garnets have 98-209 ppm H2O. DH cpx-gt is 11 ± 3, DH cpx-melt is 0.023 ± 0.005 and DH gt-melt is 0.0018 ± 0.0006. Most garnet/melt pairs have low values of DH gt-melt, but DH gt-melt increases with TiO2 in the garnet. As also found by previous studies, values of DH cpx-melt increase with Al2O3 of the crystal. For garnet pyroxenite, estimated values of DH pyroxenite-melt decrease from 0.015 at 2.5 GPa to 0.0089 at 5 GPa. Hydration will increase the depth interval between pyroxenite and peridotite solidi for mantle upwelling beneath ridges or oceanic islands. This is partly because the greater pyroxene/olivine ratio in pyroxenite will tend to enhance the H2O concentration of pyroxenite, assuming that neighboring pyroxenite and peridotite bodies have similar H2O in their pyroxenes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)607-625
Number of pages19
JournalContributions to Mineralogy and Petrology
Volume156
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2008

Fingerprint

mid-ocean ridges
Garnets
mid-ocean ridge basalt
basalt
garnets
clinopyroxene
Hydrogen
garnet
partitioning
melt
pyroxenite
hydrogen
Secondary ion mass spectrometry
secondary ion mass spectrometry
liquidus
peridotite
glass
ion microprobe
Crystallization
FTIR spectroscopy

Keywords

  • High pressure experiments
  • Hydrogen partitioning
  • Partial melting
  • Pyroxenite

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Geophysics

Cite this

Hydrogen partitioning between melt, clinopyroxene, and garnet at 3 GPa in a hydrous MORB with 6 wt.% H2O. / Aubaud, Cyril; Hirschmann, Marc M.; Withers, Anthony C.; Hervig, Richard.

In: Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, Vol. 156, No. 5, 2008, p. 607-625.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "To understand partitioning of hydrogen between hydrous basaltic and andesitic liquids and coexisting clinopyroxene and garnet, experiments using a mid-ocean ridge basalt (MORB) + 6 wt.{\%} H2O were conducted at 3 GPa and 1,150-1,325°C. These included both isothermal and controlled cooling rate crystallization experiments, as crystals from the former were too small for ion microprobe (SIMS) analyses. Three runs at lower bulk water content are also reported. H2O was measured in minerals by SIMS and in glasses by SIMS, Fourier Transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and from oxide totals of electron microprobe (EMP) analyses. At 3 GPa, the liquidus for MORB with 6 wt.{\%} H2O is between 1,300 and 1,325°C. In the temperature interval investigated, the melt proportion varies from 100 to 45{\%} and the modes of garnet and clinopyroxene are nearly equal. Liquid composition varies from basaltic to andesitic. The crystallization experiments starting from above the liquidus failed to nucleate garnets, but those starting from below the liquidus crystallized both garnet and clinopyroxene. SIMS analyses of glasses with >7 wt.{\%} H2O yield spuriously low concentrations, perhaps owing to hydrogen degassing in the ultra-high vacuum of the ion microprobe sample chamber. FTIR and EMP analyses show that the glasses have 3.4 to 11.9 wt.{\%} water, whilst SIMS analyses indicate that clinopyroxenes have 1,340-2,330 ppm and garnets have 98-209 ppm H2O. DH cpx-gt is 11 ± 3, DH cpx-melt is 0.023 ± 0.005 and DH gt-melt is 0.0018 ± 0.0006. Most garnet/melt pairs have low values of DH gt-melt, but DH gt-melt increases with TiO2 in the garnet. As also found by previous studies, values of DH cpx-melt increase with Al2O3 of the crystal. For garnet pyroxenite, estimated values of DH pyroxenite-melt decrease from 0.015 at 2.5 GPa to 0.0089 at 5 GPa. Hydration will increase the depth interval between pyroxenite and peridotite solidi for mantle upwelling beneath ridges or oceanic islands. This is partly because the greater pyroxene/olivine ratio in pyroxenite will tend to enhance the H2O concentration of pyroxenite, assuming that neighboring pyroxenite and peridotite bodies have similar H2O in their pyroxenes.",
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