Hydrogen and oxygen isotope ratios in silica from the JOIDES Deep Sea Drilling Project

L. Paul Knauth, Samuel Epstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

62 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Water extracted from opal-CT ("porcellanite", "cristobalite"), granular microcrystalline quartz (chert), and pure fibrous quartz (chalcedony) in cherts from the JOIDES Deep Sea Drilling Project is 56‰ to 87‰ depleted in deuterium relative to the water in which the silica formed. This large fractionation is similar in magnitude and sign to that observed for hydroxyl in clay minerals and suggests that water extracted from these forms of silica has been derived from hydroxyl groups within the silica. δ 18O-values for opal-CT at sites 61, 64, 70B and 149 vary from 34.3‰ to 37.2‰ and show no direct correlation with depth of burial. Granular microcrystalline quartz in these cores is 0.5‰ depleted in 18O relative to coexisting opal-CT at sediment depths of 100 m and the depletion increases to 2‰ for sediments buried below 384 m. These relationships suggest that opal-CT forms before significant burial while granular microcrystalline quartz forms during deeper burial at warmer temperatures. The temperature at which opal-CT forms is thus probably approximately equal to the temperature of the overlying bottom water. Isotopic temperatures deduced for opal-CT formation are preliminary and very approximate, but yield Eocene deep-water temperatures of 5-13°C, and 6°C for the upper Cretaceous sample. Pure euhedral quartz crystals lining a cavity in opal-CT at 388 m in core 8-70B-4cc have a δ 18O value of +29.8‰ and probably formed near maximum burial. The isotopic temperature is approximately 32°C.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalEarth and Planetary Science Letters
Volume25
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1975
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Oxygen Isotopes
oxygen isotope ratio
hydrogen isotopes
hydrogen isotope
oxygen isotopes
isotope ratios
opal
Deep Sea Drilling Project
Quartz
drilling
Silicon Dioxide
Hydrogen
Drilling
silica
silicon dioxide
quartz
Water
water
sediments
Hydroxyl Radical

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Geophysics

Cite this

Hydrogen and oxygen isotope ratios in silica from the JOIDES Deep Sea Drilling Project. / Paul Knauth, L.; Epstein, Samuel.

In: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Vol. 25, No. 1, 1975, p. 1-10.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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