The hydrodynamic description of the Fermi arc surface states is proposed. In view of the strong suppression of scattering on impurities, the hydrodynamic regime for Fermi arc states should be, in principle, plausible. By using the kinetic theory, the Fermi arc hydrodynamics is derived and the corresponding effects on the bulk flow and surface collective modes are studied. For the bulk flow, the key effect of the proposed Fermi arc hydrodynamics is the modification of the corresponding boundary conditions. In a slab geometry, it is shown that, depending on the transfer rates between the surface and bulk, the hydrodynamic flow of the electron fluid inside the slab could be significantly altered and even enhanced near the surfaces. As to the spectrum of the surface collective modes, in agreement with earlier studies, it is found that the Fermi arcs allow for an additional gapless spectrum branch and a strong anisotropy of the surface plasmon dispersion relations in momentum space. The gapped modes are characterized by closed elliptic contours of constant frequency in momentum space.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics