Hyaluronic Acid Biomaterials for Central Nervous System Regenerative Medicine

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hyaluronic acid (HA) is a primary component of the brain extracellular matrix and functions through cellular receptors to regulate cell behavior within the central nervous system (CNS). These behaviors, such as migration, proliferation, differentiation, and inflammation contribute to maintenance and homeostasis of the CNS. However, such equilibrium is disrupted following injury or disease leading to significantly altered extracellular matrix milieu and cell functions. This imbalance thereby inhibits inherent homeostatic processes that support critical tissue health and functionality in the CNS. To mitigate the damage sustained by injury/disease, HA-based tissue engineering constructs have been investigated for CNS regenerative medicine applications. HA's effectiveness in tissue healing and regeneration is primarily attributed to its impact on cell signaling and the ease of customizing chemical and mechanical properties. This review focuses on recent findings to highlight the applications of HA-based materials in CNS regenerative medicine.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalCells
Volume9
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 17 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • central nervous system
  • hyaluronic acid
  • regenerative medicine
  • scaffold
  • spinal cord injury
  • tissue engineering
  • traumatic brain injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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