Hyaluronan scaffolds: A balance between backbone functionalization and bioactivity

Doris Eng, Michael Caplan, Mark Preul, Alyssa Panitch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

Development of biomaterials that provide mechanical and molecular cues for wound healing and regeneration must meet several design parameters. In addition to high biocompatibility, biomaterials should possess suitable porosity as well as the ability to be chemically tailored to control parameters including biodegradability and bioactivity. These characteristics were studied in hyaluronan (HA), a natural polymer found in the body. HA was modified with thiol cross-linking sites to form a stable hydrogel scaffold to examine effects in in vitro cortical cell growth. HA with 20% and 44% thiolation was used to make gels at 0.5%, 0.75%, 1%, and 1.25% (w/v). Results indicate that the bioactivity of the HA after functionalization, as determined by degree of substitution (HA thiolation), has a greater effect on neurite outgrowth than does gel stiffness. The lower substituted HA (20%) promoted greater neurite growth as compared to the higher substituted HA (44%).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2407-2414
Number of pages8
JournalActa Biomaterialia
Volume6
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2010

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Degradation
  • Hyaluronan
  • Hydrogels
  • Neurite growth
  • Scanning electron microscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biomaterials
  • Biochemistry
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this