Humanization of social relations: Nourishing health and resilience through greater humanity

Saul A. Castro, Alex J. Zautra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this article we introduce "humanization" as a value framework that may guide resilience interventions. We regard the humanization of relationships as a key to health, wellbeing, and the capacity for resilient adaptation to stress for individuals and across communities. Although humans are wired to connect (Lieberman, 2013), they often dehumanize others (Harris & Fiske, 2011). By failing to consider another person's mind, that person is dehumanized. That perception enables inhumane treatment of the other, through the processes social scientists have referred to as dehumanization, infrahumanization, and objectification (Haslam & Loughnan, 2014). We argue that it is possible to reverse dehumanized perceptions through interventions that identify the underlying causes of dehumanizing and objectifying others, and show the value of taking into account the other's perspective (Harris & Fiske, 2011). By humanizing social relations, people understand one another as unique individuals with minds, emotions, goals, and preferences worthy of attention, and learn how to refrain from objectifying others' identities based on group classification or to fill their own needs. Humanizing relationships nourishes resilience by fostering daily moments of positive connection with others in the short term, and creating stronger, more sustainable social bonds in the long-term.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)64-80
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology
Volume36
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2016

Fingerprint

Dehumanization
Foster Home Care
Health
Emotions
Person
Resilience
Social Relations
Humanization
Therapeutics
Causes
Social Bonds
Social Processes
Well-being
Objectification
Emotion

Keywords

  • Humanization
  • Prosocial emotions
  • Social intelligence
  • Social relations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Philosophy

Cite this

Humanization of social relations : Nourishing health and resilience through greater humanity. / Castro, Saul A.; Zautra, Alex J.

In: Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology, Vol. 36, No. 2, 01.05.2016, p. 64-80.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{e2974aa2ff1e48ae87ade31d706c944a,
title = "Humanization of social relations: Nourishing health and resilience through greater humanity",
abstract = "In this article we introduce {"}humanization{"} as a value framework that may guide resilience interventions. We regard the humanization of relationships as a key to health, wellbeing, and the capacity for resilient adaptation to stress for individuals and across communities. Although humans are wired to connect (Lieberman, 2013), they often dehumanize others (Harris & Fiske, 2011). By failing to consider another person's mind, that person is dehumanized. That perception enables inhumane treatment of the other, through the processes social scientists have referred to as dehumanization, infrahumanization, and objectification (Haslam & Loughnan, 2014). We argue that it is possible to reverse dehumanized perceptions through interventions that identify the underlying causes of dehumanizing and objectifying others, and show the value of taking into account the other's perspective (Harris & Fiske, 2011). By humanizing social relations, people understand one another as unique individuals with minds, emotions, goals, and preferences worthy of attention, and learn how to refrain from objectifying others' identities based on group classification or to fill their own needs. Humanizing relationships nourishes resilience by fostering daily moments of positive connection with others in the short term, and creating stronger, more sustainable social bonds in the long-term.",
keywords = "Humanization, Prosocial emotions, Social intelligence, Social relations",
author = "Castro, {Saul A.} and Zautra, {Alex J.}",
year = "2016",
month = "5",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1037/teo0000040",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "36",
pages = "64--80",
journal = "Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology",
issn = "1068-8471",
publisher = "American Psychological Association",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Humanization of social relations

T2 - Nourishing health and resilience through greater humanity

AU - Castro, Saul A.

AU - Zautra, Alex J.

PY - 2016/5/1

Y1 - 2016/5/1

N2 - In this article we introduce "humanization" as a value framework that may guide resilience interventions. We regard the humanization of relationships as a key to health, wellbeing, and the capacity for resilient adaptation to stress for individuals and across communities. Although humans are wired to connect (Lieberman, 2013), they often dehumanize others (Harris & Fiske, 2011). By failing to consider another person's mind, that person is dehumanized. That perception enables inhumane treatment of the other, through the processes social scientists have referred to as dehumanization, infrahumanization, and objectification (Haslam & Loughnan, 2014). We argue that it is possible to reverse dehumanized perceptions through interventions that identify the underlying causes of dehumanizing and objectifying others, and show the value of taking into account the other's perspective (Harris & Fiske, 2011). By humanizing social relations, people understand one another as unique individuals with minds, emotions, goals, and preferences worthy of attention, and learn how to refrain from objectifying others' identities based on group classification or to fill their own needs. Humanizing relationships nourishes resilience by fostering daily moments of positive connection with others in the short term, and creating stronger, more sustainable social bonds in the long-term.

AB - In this article we introduce "humanization" as a value framework that may guide resilience interventions. We regard the humanization of relationships as a key to health, wellbeing, and the capacity for resilient adaptation to stress for individuals and across communities. Although humans are wired to connect (Lieberman, 2013), they often dehumanize others (Harris & Fiske, 2011). By failing to consider another person's mind, that person is dehumanized. That perception enables inhumane treatment of the other, through the processes social scientists have referred to as dehumanization, infrahumanization, and objectification (Haslam & Loughnan, 2014). We argue that it is possible to reverse dehumanized perceptions through interventions that identify the underlying causes of dehumanizing and objectifying others, and show the value of taking into account the other's perspective (Harris & Fiske, 2011). By humanizing social relations, people understand one another as unique individuals with minds, emotions, goals, and preferences worthy of attention, and learn how to refrain from objectifying others' identities based on group classification or to fill their own needs. Humanizing relationships nourishes resilience by fostering daily moments of positive connection with others in the short term, and creating stronger, more sustainable social bonds in the long-term.

KW - Humanization

KW - Prosocial emotions

KW - Social intelligence

KW - Social relations

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84968561648&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84968561648&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037/teo0000040

DO - 10.1037/teo0000040

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84968561648

VL - 36

SP - 64

EP - 80

JO - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology

JF - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology

SN - 1068-8471

IS - 2

ER -