Human vs. animal outbreaks of the 2009 swine-origin H1N1 influenza A epidemic

Matthew Scotch, John S. Brownstein, Sally Vegso, Deron Galusha, Peter Rabinowitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The majority of emerging infectious diseases are zoonotic in origin, including recently emerging influenza viruses such as the 2009 swine-origin H1N1 influenza A epidemic. The epidemic that year affected both human and animal populations as it spread globally. In fact, before the end of 2009, 14 different countries reported H1N1 infected swine. In order to better understand the zoonotic nature of the epidemic and the relationship between human and animal disease surveillance data streams, we compared 2009 reports of H1N1 infection to define the temporal relationship between reported cases in animals and humans. Generally, human cases preceded animal cases at a country-level, supporting the potential of H1N1 infection to be a "reverse zoonosis", and the value of integrating human and animal disease report data.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)376-380
Number of pages5
JournalEcoHealth
Volume8
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2011

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influenza
Human Influenza
Disease Outbreaks
Swine
Zoonoses
animal
Animal Diseases
infectious disease
Emerging Communicable Diseases
virus
Infection
Orthomyxoviridae
infection
animal disease
human disease
Population

Keywords

  • disease outbreaks
  • H1N1 subtype
  • Influenza A virus
  • population surveillance
  • zoonoses

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

Human vs. animal outbreaks of the 2009 swine-origin H1N1 influenza A epidemic. / Scotch, Matthew; Brownstein, John S.; Vegso, Sally; Galusha, Deron; Rabinowitz, Peter.

In: EcoHealth, Vol. 8, No. 3, 09.2011, p. 376-380.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Scotch, M, Brownstein, JS, Vegso, S, Galusha, D & Rabinowitz, P 2011, 'Human vs. animal outbreaks of the 2009 swine-origin H1N1 influenza A epidemic', EcoHealth, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 376-380. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10393-011-0706-x
Scotch, Matthew ; Brownstein, John S. ; Vegso, Sally ; Galusha, Deron ; Rabinowitz, Peter. / Human vs. animal outbreaks of the 2009 swine-origin H1N1 influenza A epidemic. In: EcoHealth. 2011 ; Vol. 8, No. 3. pp. 376-380.
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