Human intestinal tissue with adult stem cell properties derived from pluripotent stem cells

Ryan Forster, Kunitoshi Chiba, Lorian Schaeffer, Samuel G. Regalado, Christine S. Lai, Qing Gao, Samira Kiani, Henner F. Farin, Hans Clevers, Gregory J. Cost, Andy Chan, Edward J. Rebar, Fyodor D. Urnov, Philip D. Gregory, Lior Pachter, Rudolf Jaenisch, Dirk Hockemeyer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

61 Scopus citations

Abstract

Genetically engineered human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) have been proposed as a source for transplantation therapies and are rapidly becoming valuable tools for human disease modeling. However, many applications are limited due to the lack of robust differentiation paradigms that allow for the isolation of defined functional tissues. Here, using an endogenous LGR5-GFP reporter, we derived adult stem cells from hPSCs that gave rise to functional human intestinal tissue comprising all major cell types of the intestine. Histological and functional analyses revealed that such human organoid cultures could be derived with high purity and with a composition and morphology similar to those of cultures obtained from human biopsies. Importantly, hPSC-derived organoids responded to the canonical signaling pathways that control self-renewal and differentiation in the adult human intestinal stem cell compartment. This adult stem cell system provides a platform for studying human intestinal disease in vitro using genetically engineered hPSCs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)838-852
Number of pages15
JournalStem Cell Reports
Volume2
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 3 2014

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Genetics
  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Forster, R., Chiba, K., Schaeffer, L., Regalado, S. G., Lai, C. S., Gao, Q., Kiani, S., Farin, H. F., Clevers, H., Cost, G. J., Chan, A., Rebar, E. J., Urnov, F. D., Gregory, P. D., Pachter, L., Jaenisch, R., & Hockemeyer, D. (2014). Human intestinal tissue with adult stem cell properties derived from pluripotent stem cells. Stem Cell Reports, 2(6), 838-852. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.stemcr.2014.05.001