Comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) analysis was used to identify chromosomal imbalances in 52 human primary hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs). The most prominent changes were gains of part or all of chromosome arms 8q (83% of cases) and Iq (73%) and loss of 16q (63%). Other commonly overrepresented sites were 5p, 7q, and Xq. Recurrent sites of DNA sequence amplification included 8q23-24 (five cases) and 11q13-14 (four cases). Other frequently underrepresented sites were 4q, 8p, 16p, and 17p. Taken collectively, these findings and data from other CGH studies of HCCs define a subset of chromosome segments that are consistently over- or underrepresented and highlight sites of putative oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes, respectively, involved in hepatocellular oncogenesis. Loss of heterozygosity analysis with a panel of polymorphic microsatellite markers distributed along 16q defined a minimal region of chromosomal loss at 16q23.1-24.1, suggesting that this region harbors a tumor suppressor gene whose loss/inactivation may contribute to the pathogenesis of many HCCs.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Genes Chromosomes and Cancer|
|State||Published - 2001|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research