Hubble space telescope imaging of Lyα emission at z ≈ 4.4

Steven L. Finkelstein, Seth H. Cohen, Rogier Windhorst, Russell E. Ryan, Nimish P. Hathi, Keely D. Finkelstein, Jay Anderson, Norman A. Grogin, Anton M. Koekemoer, Sangeeta Malhotra, Max Mutchler, James E. Rhoads, Patrick J. McCarthy, Robert W. O'Connell, Bruce Balick, Howard E. Bond, Daniela Calzetti, Michael J. Disney, Michael A. Dopita, Jay A. FrogelDonald N B Hall, Jon A. Holtzman, Randy A. Kimble, Gerard Luppino, Francesco Paresce, Abhijit Saha, Joseph I. Silk, John T. Trauger, Alistair R. Walker, Bradley C. Whitmore, Erick T. Young

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present the highest redshift detections of resolved Lyα emission, using Hubble Space Telescope (HST)/Advanced Camera for Surveys F658N narrowband-imaging data taken in parallel with the Wide Field Camera 3 Early Release Science program in the GOODS Chandra Deep Field-South. We detect Lyα emission from three spectroscopically confirmed z = 4.4 Lyα emitting galaxies (LAEs), more than doubling the sample of LAEs with resolved Lyα emission. Comparing the light distribution between the rest-frame ultraviolet continuum and narrowband images, we investigate the escape of Lyα photons at high redshift. While our data do not support a positional offset between the Lyα and rest-frame ultraviolet (UV) continuum emission, the half-light radius in one out of the three galaxies is significantly (>1σ) larger in Lyα than in the rest-frame UV continuum. Stacking the three LAEs in both the narrowband and UV continuum images, we find that the Lyα light appears larger than the rest-frame UV at 4.2σ significance. This Lyα flux detected with HST is a factor of 4-10 less than observed in similar filters from the ground. These results together imply that the Lyα emission is not strictly confined to its indigenous star-forming regions. Rather, for at least one object the Lyα emission is more extended, with the missing HST flux possibly existing in a diffuse outer halo. This suggests that the radiative transfer of Lyα photons in high-redshift LAEs is complicated, with the interstellar-medium geometry and/or outflows playing a significant role in galaxies at these redshifts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number5
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume735
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2011

Fingerprint

Hubble Space Telescope
continuums
narrowband
galaxies
cameras
photons
stacking
radiative transfer
escape
halos
outflow
filter
filters
geometry
stars
radii

Keywords

  • galaxies: evolution
  • galaxies: high-redshift
  • galaxies: ISM

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

Finkelstein, S. L., Cohen, S. H., Windhorst, R., Ryan, R. E., Hathi, N. P., Finkelstein, K. D., ... Young, E. T. (2011). Hubble space telescope imaging of Lyα emission at z ≈ 4.4. Astrophysical Journal, 735(1), [5]. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/735/1/5

Hubble space telescope imaging of Lyα emission at z ≈ 4.4. / Finkelstein, Steven L.; Cohen, Seth H.; Windhorst, Rogier; Ryan, Russell E.; Hathi, Nimish P.; Finkelstein, Keely D.; Anderson, Jay; Grogin, Norman A.; Koekemoer, Anton M.; Malhotra, Sangeeta; Mutchler, Max; Rhoads, James E.; McCarthy, Patrick J.; O'Connell, Robert W.; Balick, Bruce; Bond, Howard E.; Calzetti, Daniela; Disney, Michael J.; Dopita, Michael A.; Frogel, Jay A.; Hall, Donald N B; Holtzman, Jon A.; Kimble, Randy A.; Luppino, Gerard; Paresce, Francesco; Saha, Abhijit; Silk, Joseph I.; Trauger, John T.; Walker, Alistair R.; Whitmore, Bradley C.; Young, Erick T.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 735, No. 1, 5, 01.07.2011.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Finkelstein, SL, Cohen, SH, Windhorst, R, Ryan, RE, Hathi, NP, Finkelstein, KD, Anderson, J, Grogin, NA, Koekemoer, AM, Malhotra, S, Mutchler, M, Rhoads, JE, McCarthy, PJ, O'Connell, RW, Balick, B, Bond, HE, Calzetti, D, Disney, MJ, Dopita, MA, Frogel, JA, Hall, DNB, Holtzman, JA, Kimble, RA, Luppino, G, Paresce, F, Saha, A, Silk, JI, Trauger, JT, Walker, AR, Whitmore, BC & Young, ET 2011, 'Hubble space telescope imaging of Lyα emission at z ≈ 4.4', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 735, no. 1, 5. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/735/1/5
Finkelstein SL, Cohen SH, Windhorst R, Ryan RE, Hathi NP, Finkelstein KD et al. Hubble space telescope imaging of Lyα emission at z ≈ 4.4. Astrophysical Journal. 2011 Jul 1;735(1). 5. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/735/1/5
Finkelstein, Steven L. ; Cohen, Seth H. ; Windhorst, Rogier ; Ryan, Russell E. ; Hathi, Nimish P. ; Finkelstein, Keely D. ; Anderson, Jay ; Grogin, Norman A. ; Koekemoer, Anton M. ; Malhotra, Sangeeta ; Mutchler, Max ; Rhoads, James E. ; McCarthy, Patrick J. ; O'Connell, Robert W. ; Balick, Bruce ; Bond, Howard E. ; Calzetti, Daniela ; Disney, Michael J. ; Dopita, Michael A. ; Frogel, Jay A. ; Hall, Donald N B ; Holtzman, Jon A. ; Kimble, Randy A. ; Luppino, Gerard ; Paresce, Francesco ; Saha, Abhijit ; Silk, Joseph I. ; Trauger, John T. ; Walker, Alistair R. ; Whitmore, Bradley C. ; Young, Erick T. / Hubble space telescope imaging of Lyα emission at z ≈ 4.4. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2011 ; Vol. 735, No. 1.
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abstract = "We present the highest redshift detections of resolved Lyα emission, using Hubble Space Telescope (HST)/Advanced Camera for Surveys F658N narrowband-imaging data taken in parallel with the Wide Field Camera 3 Early Release Science program in the GOODS Chandra Deep Field-South. We detect Lyα emission from three spectroscopically confirmed z = 4.4 Lyα emitting galaxies (LAEs), more than doubling the sample of LAEs with resolved Lyα emission. Comparing the light distribution between the rest-frame ultraviolet continuum and narrowband images, we investigate the escape of Lyα photons at high redshift. While our data do not support a positional offset between the Lyα and rest-frame ultraviolet (UV) continuum emission, the half-light radius in one out of the three galaxies is significantly (>1σ) larger in Lyα than in the rest-frame UV continuum. Stacking the three LAEs in both the narrowband and UV continuum images, we find that the Lyα light appears larger than the rest-frame UV at 4.2σ significance. This Lyα flux detected with HST is a factor of 4-10 less than observed in similar filters from the ground. These results together imply that the Lyα emission is not strictly confined to its indigenous star-forming regions. Rather, for at least one object the Lyα emission is more extended, with the missing HST flux possibly existing in a diffuse outer halo. This suggests that the radiative transfer of Lyα photons in high-redshift LAEs is complicated, with the interstellar-medium geometry and/or outflows playing a significant role in galaxies at these redshifts.",
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AU - Hathi, Nimish P.

AU - Finkelstein, Keely D.

AU - Anderson, Jay

AU - Grogin, Norman A.

AU - Koekemoer, Anton M.

AU - Malhotra, Sangeeta

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AU - Rhoads, James E.

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AU - Kimble, Randy A.

AU - Luppino, Gerard

AU - Paresce, Francesco

AU - Saha, Abhijit

AU - Silk, Joseph I.

AU - Trauger, John T.

AU - Walker, Alistair R.

AU - Whitmore, Bradley C.

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N2 - We present the highest redshift detections of resolved Lyα emission, using Hubble Space Telescope (HST)/Advanced Camera for Surveys F658N narrowband-imaging data taken in parallel with the Wide Field Camera 3 Early Release Science program in the GOODS Chandra Deep Field-South. We detect Lyα emission from three spectroscopically confirmed z = 4.4 Lyα emitting galaxies (LAEs), more than doubling the sample of LAEs with resolved Lyα emission. Comparing the light distribution between the rest-frame ultraviolet continuum and narrowband images, we investigate the escape of Lyα photons at high redshift. While our data do not support a positional offset between the Lyα and rest-frame ultraviolet (UV) continuum emission, the half-light radius in one out of the three galaxies is significantly (>1σ) larger in Lyα than in the rest-frame UV continuum. Stacking the three LAEs in both the narrowband and UV continuum images, we find that the Lyα light appears larger than the rest-frame UV at 4.2σ significance. This Lyα flux detected with HST is a factor of 4-10 less than observed in similar filters from the ground. These results together imply that the Lyα emission is not strictly confined to its indigenous star-forming regions. Rather, for at least one object the Lyα emission is more extended, with the missing HST flux possibly existing in a diffuse outer halo. This suggests that the radiative transfer of Lyα photons in high-redshift LAEs is complicated, with the interstellar-medium geometry and/or outflows playing a significant role in galaxies at these redshifts.

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