Hromatographic separation and multicollection-ICPMS analysis of iron. Investigating mass-dependent and -independent isotope effects

Nicolas Dauphas, Philip E. Janney, Ruslan A. Mendybaev, Meenakshi Wadhwa, Frank M. Richter, Andrew M. Davis, Mark Van Zuilen, Rebekah Hines, C. Nicole Foley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

A procedure was developed that allows precise determination of Fe isotopic composition. Purification of Fe was achieved by ion chromatography on AG1-X8 strongly basic anion-exchange resin. No isotopic fractionation is associated with column chemistry within 0.02‰/amu at 2σ. The isotopic composition was measured with a Micromass IsoProbe multicollection inductively coupled plasma hexapole mass spectrometer. The Fe isotopic composition of the Orgueil C11 carbonaceous chondrite, which best approximates the solar composition, is indistinguishible from that of IRMM-014 (-0.005 ± 0.017‰/amu). The IRMM-014 reference material is therefore used for normalization of the isotopic ratios. The protocol for analyzing mass-dependent variations is validated by measuring geostandards (IF-G, DTS-2, BCR-2, AGV-2) and heavily fractionated Fe left after vacuum evaporation of molten wüstite (FeO) and solar (MgO-Al2O3-SiO2-CaO-FeO in chondritic proportions) compositions. It is shown that the isotopic composition of Fe during evaporation of FeO follows a Rayleigh distillation with a fractionation factor α equal to (m1/m2) 1/2, where m1 and m2 are the masses of the considered isotopes. This agrees with earlier measurements and theoretical expectations. The isotopic composition of Fe left after vacuum evaporation of solar composition also follows a Rayleigh distillation but with a fractionation factor (1.013 22 ± 0.000 67 for the 56Fe/54Fe ratio) that is lower than the square root of the masses (1.018 35). The protocol for analyzing mass-independent variations is validated by measuring terrestrial rocks that are not expected to show departure from mass-dependent fractionation. After internal normalization of the 57Fe/ 54Fe ratio, the isotopic composition of Fe can be measured accurately with precisions of 0.2ε and 0.5ε at 2σ for 56Fe/ 54Fe and 58Fe/54Fe ratios, respectively (ε refers to relative variations in parts per 10 000). For 58Fe, this precision is an order of magnitude better than what had been achieved before. The method is applied to rocks that could potentially exhibit mass-independent effects, meteorites and Archaean terrestrial samples. The isotopic composition of a 3.8-Ga-old banded iron formation from Isua (IF-G, Greenland), and quartz-pyroxene rocks from Akilia and Innersuartuut (GR91-26 and SM/GR/171770, Greenland) are normal within uncertainties. Similarly, the Orgueil (CI1), Allende (CV3.2), Eagle Station (ESPAL), Brenham (MGPAL), and Old Woman (IIAB) meteorites do not show any mass-independent effect.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5855-5863
Number of pages9
JournalAnalytical Chemistry
Volume76
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2004
Externally publishedYes

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Isotopes
Iron
Chemical analysis
Fractionation
Meteorites
Vacuum evaporation
Rocks
Distillation
Anion Exchange Resins
Ion chromatography
Quartz
Distillation columns
Inductively coupled plasma
Mass spectrometers
Purification
Molten materials
Evaporation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry

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Hromatographic separation and multicollection-ICPMS analysis of iron. Investigating mass-dependent and -independent isotope effects. / Dauphas, Nicolas; Janney, Philip E.; Mendybaev, Ruslan A.; Wadhwa, Meenakshi; Richter, Frank M.; Davis, Andrew M.; Van Zuilen, Mark; Hines, Rebekah; Foley, C. Nicole.

In: Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 76, No. 19, 01.10.2004, p. 5855-5863.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Dauphas, N, Janney, PE, Mendybaev, RA, Wadhwa, M, Richter, FM, Davis, AM, Van Zuilen, M, Hines, R & Foley, CN 2004, 'Hromatographic separation and multicollection-ICPMS analysis of iron. Investigating mass-dependent and -independent isotope effects', Analytical Chemistry, vol. 76, no. 19, pp. 5855-5863. https://doi.org/10.1021/ac0497095
Dauphas, Nicolas ; Janney, Philip E. ; Mendybaev, Ruslan A. ; Wadhwa, Meenakshi ; Richter, Frank M. ; Davis, Andrew M. ; Van Zuilen, Mark ; Hines, Rebekah ; Foley, C. Nicole. / Hromatographic separation and multicollection-ICPMS analysis of iron. Investigating mass-dependent and -independent isotope effects. In: Analytical Chemistry. 2004 ; Vol. 76, No. 19. pp. 5855-5863.
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AU - Dauphas, Nicolas

AU - Janney, Philip E.

AU - Mendybaev, Ruslan A.

AU - Wadhwa, Meenakshi

AU - Richter, Frank M.

AU - Davis, Andrew M.

AU - Van Zuilen, Mark

AU - Hines, Rebekah

AU - Foley, C. Nicole

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N2 - A procedure was developed that allows precise determination of Fe isotopic composition. Purification of Fe was achieved by ion chromatography on AG1-X8 strongly basic anion-exchange resin. No isotopic fractionation is associated with column chemistry within 0.02‰/amu at 2σ. The isotopic composition was measured with a Micromass IsoProbe multicollection inductively coupled plasma hexapole mass spectrometer. The Fe isotopic composition of the Orgueil C11 carbonaceous chondrite, which best approximates the solar composition, is indistinguishible from that of IRMM-014 (-0.005 ± 0.017‰/amu). The IRMM-014 reference material is therefore used for normalization of the isotopic ratios. The protocol for analyzing mass-dependent variations is validated by measuring geostandards (IF-G, DTS-2, BCR-2, AGV-2) and heavily fractionated Fe left after vacuum evaporation of molten wüstite (FeO) and solar (MgO-Al2O3-SiO2-CaO-FeO in chondritic proportions) compositions. It is shown that the isotopic composition of Fe during evaporation of FeO follows a Rayleigh distillation with a fractionation factor α equal to (m1/m2) 1/2, where m1 and m2 are the masses of the considered isotopes. This agrees with earlier measurements and theoretical expectations. The isotopic composition of Fe left after vacuum evaporation of solar composition also follows a Rayleigh distillation but with a fractionation factor (1.013 22 ± 0.000 67 for the 56Fe/54Fe ratio) that is lower than the square root of the masses (1.018 35). The protocol for analyzing mass-independent variations is validated by measuring terrestrial rocks that are not expected to show departure from mass-dependent fractionation. After internal normalization of the 57Fe/ 54Fe ratio, the isotopic composition of Fe can be measured accurately with precisions of 0.2ε and 0.5ε at 2σ for 56Fe/ 54Fe and 58Fe/54Fe ratios, respectively (ε refers to relative variations in parts per 10 000). For 58Fe, this precision is an order of magnitude better than what had been achieved before. The method is applied to rocks that could potentially exhibit mass-independent effects, meteorites and Archaean terrestrial samples. The isotopic composition of a 3.8-Ga-old banded iron formation from Isua (IF-G, Greenland), and quartz-pyroxene rocks from Akilia and Innersuartuut (GR91-26 and SM/GR/171770, Greenland) are normal within uncertainties. Similarly, the Orgueil (CI1), Allende (CV3.2), Eagle Station (ESPAL), Brenham (MGPAL), and Old Woman (IIAB) meteorites do not show any mass-independent effect.

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