A chemostat model of n species of microorganisms competing for two perfectly complementary, growth-limiting nutrients is considered. Sufficient conditions are given for there to be a single winning species and for two species to coexist, driving the others to extinction. In the case when n = 3, it is shown that every solution converges to one of the single-species or two-species steady states, and hence the dynamics of the model is completely-determined. The results generalize those of Hsu, Cheng, and Hubbell [SIAM J. Appl. Math., 41 (1981), pp. 422-444] as well as Butler and Wolkowicz [Math. Biosci., 83 (1987), pp. 1-48] who considered two species.
- Competition for two resources
- Competitive exclusion principle
- Competitive system
- Global asymptotic behavior
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Mathematics