How Landscape Ecology Informs Global Land-Change Science and Policy

Audrey L. Mayer, Brian Buma, Amcrossed Dsignlie Davis, Sara A. GagnCrossed D Sign, E. Louise Loudermilk, Robert M. Scheller, Fiona K A Schmiegelow, Yolanda F. Wiersma, Janet Franklin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Landscape ecology is a discipline that explicitly considers the influence of time and space on the environmental patterns we observe and the processes that create them. Although many of the topics studied in landscape ecology have public policy implications, three are of particular concern: climate change; land use-land cover change (LULCC); and a particular type of LULCC, urbanization. These processes are interrelated, because LULCC is driven by both human activities (e.g., agricultural expansion and urban sprawl) and climate change (e.g., desertification). Climate change, in turn, will affect the way humans use landscapes. Interactions among these drivers of ecosystem change can have destabilizing and accelerating feedback, with consequences for human societies from local to global scales. These challenges require landscape ecologists to engage policymakers and practitioners in seeking long-Term solutions, informed by an understanding of opportunities to mitigate the impacts of anthropogenic drivers on ecosystems and adapt to new ecological realities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)458-469
Number of pages12
JournalBioScience
Volume66
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2016

Keywords

  • climate change
  • land use
  • landscape ecology
  • policy
  • urbanization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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    Mayer, A. L., Buma, B., Davis, A. D., GagnCrossed D Sign, S. A., Louise Loudermilk, E., Scheller, R. M., Schmiegelow, F. K. A., Wiersma, Y. F., & Franklin, J. (2016). How Landscape Ecology Informs Global Land-Change Science and Policy. BioScience, 66(6), 458-469. https://doi.org/10.1093/biosci/biw035