How baseball outfielders determine where to run to catch fly balls

Michael McBeath, Dennis M. Shaffer, Mary K. Kaiser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

246 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Current theory proposes that baseball outfielders catch fly balls by selecting a running path to achieve optical acceleration cancellation of the ball. Yet people appear to lack the ability to discriminate accelerations accurately. This study supports the idea that out-fielders convert the temporal problem to a spatial one by selecting a running path that maintains a linear optical trajectory (LOT) for the ball. The LOT model is a strategy of maintaining "control" over the relative direction of optical ball movement in a manner that is similar to simple predator tracking behavior.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)569-573
Number of pages5
JournalScience
Volume268
Issue number5210
StatePublished - Apr 28 1995
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Baseball
Diptera
Running
Aptitude
Direction compound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

McBeath, M., Shaffer, D. M., & Kaiser, M. K. (1995). How baseball outfielders determine where to run to catch fly balls. Science, 268(5210), 569-573.

How baseball outfielders determine where to run to catch fly balls. / McBeath, Michael; Shaffer, Dennis M.; Kaiser, Mary K.

In: Science, Vol. 268, No. 5210, 28.04.1995, p. 569-573.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

McBeath, M, Shaffer, DM & Kaiser, MK 1995, 'How baseball outfielders determine where to run to catch fly balls', Science, vol. 268, no. 5210, pp. 569-573.
McBeath M, Shaffer DM, Kaiser MK. How baseball outfielders determine where to run to catch fly balls. Science. 1995 Apr 28;268(5210):569-573.
McBeath, Michael ; Shaffer, Dennis M. ; Kaiser, Mary K. / How baseball outfielders determine where to run to catch fly balls. In: Science. 1995 ; Vol. 268, No. 5210. pp. 569-573.
@article{503579f0ae8b423ba651a3663e04506f,
title = "How baseball outfielders determine where to run to catch fly balls",
abstract = "Current theory proposes that baseball outfielders catch fly balls by selecting a running path to achieve optical acceleration cancellation of the ball. Yet people appear to lack the ability to discriminate accelerations accurately. This study supports the idea that out-fielders convert the temporal problem to a spatial one by selecting a running path that maintains a linear optical trajectory (LOT) for the ball. The LOT model is a strategy of maintaining {"}control{"} over the relative direction of optical ball movement in a manner that is similar to simple predator tracking behavior.",
author = "Michael McBeath and Shaffer, {Dennis M.} and Kaiser, {Mary K.}",
year = "1995",
month = "4",
day = "28",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "268",
pages = "569--573",
journal = "Science",
issn = "0036-8075",
publisher = "American Association for the Advancement of Science",
number = "5210",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - How baseball outfielders determine where to run to catch fly balls

AU - McBeath, Michael

AU - Shaffer, Dennis M.

AU - Kaiser, Mary K.

PY - 1995/4/28

Y1 - 1995/4/28

N2 - Current theory proposes that baseball outfielders catch fly balls by selecting a running path to achieve optical acceleration cancellation of the ball. Yet people appear to lack the ability to discriminate accelerations accurately. This study supports the idea that out-fielders convert the temporal problem to a spatial one by selecting a running path that maintains a linear optical trajectory (LOT) for the ball. The LOT model is a strategy of maintaining "control" over the relative direction of optical ball movement in a manner that is similar to simple predator tracking behavior.

AB - Current theory proposes that baseball outfielders catch fly balls by selecting a running path to achieve optical acceleration cancellation of the ball. Yet people appear to lack the ability to discriminate accelerations accurately. This study supports the idea that out-fielders convert the temporal problem to a spatial one by selecting a running path that maintains a linear optical trajectory (LOT) for the ball. The LOT model is a strategy of maintaining "control" over the relative direction of optical ball movement in a manner that is similar to simple predator tracking behavior.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0029653405&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0029653405&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 268

SP - 569

EP - 573

JO - Science

JF - Science

SN - 0036-8075

IS - 5210

ER -