Household factors, family behavior patterns, and adherence to dietary and physical activity guidelines among children at risk for obesity

Alicia S. Kunin-Batson, Elisabeth M. Seburg, A. Lauren Crain, Meghan M. Jaka, Shelby L. Langer, Rona L. Levy, Nancy E. Sherwood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To describe the proportion of children adhering to recommended physical activity and dietary guidelines, and examine demographic and household correlates of guideline adherence. Design: Cross-sectional (pre-randomization) data from a behavioral intervention trial designed to prevent unhealthy weight gain in children. Participants: A total of 421 children (aged 5-10years) at risk for obesity (body mass index percentile, 70-95). Main Outcomes Measured: Physical activity (accelerometry), screen time (parent survey), and fruit and vegetable and sugar-sweetened beverage intake (24-hour dietary recall). Analysis: Proportions meeting guidelines were calculated. Logistic regression examined associations between demographic and household factors and whether children met recommended guidelines for (1) physical activity (≥ 60min/d), (2) screen time (≤ 2h/d), (3) fruit and vegetable intake (≥ 5 servings/d), and (4) sugar-sweetened beverage avoidance. Results: Few children met more than 1 guideline. Only 2% metall 4 recommended guidelines and 19% met none. Each guideline had unique sociodemographic and domain-specific household predictors (ie, availability of certain foods and beverages, media, and active play and exercise equipment). Conclusions and Implications: Families equipped to promote healthy child behavior patterns in 1 activity or dietary domain may not be in others. Results have implications for the development of interventions to affect children's weight-related behaviors and growth trajectories.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)206-215.e1
JournalJournal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Volume47
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2015

Keywords

  • Child
  • Diet
  • Guidelines
  • Home environment
  • Physical activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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