Hours Worked in Europe and the United States

New Data, New Answers

Alexander Bick, Bettina Brüggemann, Nicola Fuchs-Schündeln

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We use national labor force surveys from 1983 to 2015 to construct hours worked per person on the aggregate level and for different demographic groups for 18 European countries and the United States. We apply a harmonization procedure to measure hours worked consistently across countries and over time. In the recent cross-section, Europeans work 14 percent fewer hours than US Americans. Differences in weeks worked and in the educational composition each account for one quarter to one half of this gap. In addition, lower hours worked per person than in the United States are driven by lower weekly hours worked in Scandinavia and Western Europe, but by lower employment rates in Eastern and Southern Europe.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalScandinavian Journal of Economics
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

Hours worked
Education
Labor force
Employment rate
Eastern Europe
Demographics
Cross section
Scandinavia
European countries
Harmonization

Keywords

  • Demographic structure
  • employment
  • Europe–United States hours gap
  • labor supply

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics and Econometrics

Cite this

Hours Worked in Europe and the United States : New Data, New Answers. / Bick, Alexander; Brüggemann, Bettina; Fuchs-Schündeln, Nicola.

In: Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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