Homogeneous nucleation and glass formation in aqueous alkali halide solutions at high pressures

H. Kanno, Charles Angell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

82 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The limit of supercooling determined by homogeneous nucleation has been investigated as a function of pressure for aqueous solutions of the common alkali halides LiCl, NaCl, KCl, CsCl, and KI for dilute solutions. The pressure dependence of the homogeneous nucleation temperature follows the pattern established earlier for H2O, TH decreasing curvilinearly until crystallization of ice III becomes favored at ∼2 kbar pressure and T < -90°C. For 1 m solutions the TH vs. pressure plots are indistinguishable for these salts, implying that the TH depression, like the freezing point depression, is a colligative property. More concentrated solutions, containing 1 or more mol of salt per 20 mol of water (30 in the case of LiCl), fail to crystallize above ∼1.5 kbar and glassy phases may be obtained below -120°C. The glass transition temperature shows a small positive pressure dependence. At constant alkali chloride concentration and pressure the glass transition temperature is a maximum for NaCl.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2639-2643
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry
Volume81
Issue number26
StatePublished - 1977
Externally publishedYes

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Alkali halides
alkali halides
Nucleation
nucleation
Glass
glass
pressure dependence
glass transition temperature
salts
supercooling
Salts
melting points
alkalies
Supercooling
ice
plots
chlorides
Ice
Alkalies
crystallization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

Homogeneous nucleation and glass formation in aqueous alkali halide solutions at high pressures. / Kanno, H.; Angell, Charles.

In: Journal of Physical Chemistry, Vol. 81, No. 26, 1977, p. 2639-2643.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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