Home environment, social status, and mental test performance

Robert H. Bradley, Bettye M. Caldwell, Richard Elardo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

60 Scopus citations

Abstract

Compared an environmental process measure (Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment Inventory--HOME) and socioeconomic status (SES) measures in terms of their relations with Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale IQ at 3 yrs of age. Separate analyses were made for 68 Blacks and 37 Whites and for males and females. Results indicate that the HOME measure predicted IQ as well as a combination of HOME and SES measures, whereas there was some loss in predictive power when SES was used by itself (especially in the case of Blacks). It is concluded that HOME appears to be a more accurate index of environmental quality across groups than does SES. (26 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)697-701
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Educational Psychology
Volume69
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 1977
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • home environment-process measure &/vs socioeconomic status measures, prediction of IQ, male vs female Black vs White 3 yr olds

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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