The role of self-efficacy beliefs as a mediator and moderator of the relation between the home environment and well-being was examined for both European American and African American children ages 10 through 15. There was evidence that self-efficacy beliefs pertaining to school and to family functioned as a mediator between EA-HOME scores and social behavior and also between EA-HOME scores and an overall problems index. The effects occurred in both ethnic groups but more often in European American adolescents. Likewise, self-efficacy beliefs pertaining to peers and to family served to moderate the relation between HOME scores and social behavior, achievement test scores, and the overall problems index. Again, however, the effects were largely restricted to European Americans.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Developmental and Educational Psychology
- Social Sciences (miscellaneous)