Home environment and adaptive social behavior among premature, low birth weight children: Alternative models of environmental action

Robert H. Bradley, Leanne Whiteside, Daniel J. Mundfrom, Belinda Blevins-knabe, Patrick H. Casey, Bettye M. Caldwell, Kelly H. Kelleher, Sandra Pope, Kathleen Barrett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Used data from 465 premature, low birth weight children representing three major sociocultural groups (Caucasian, African American, Hispanic) to examine the relation between children's home environments and their adaptive social behavior. Results showed low to moderate associations between scores on the HOME Inventory at 1 and 3 years and scores on two measures of adaptive social behavior at 30 to 36 months, the Adaptive Social Behavior Inventory, and observations of mother-child interaction in a structured laboratory situation. Results indicated that responsive, nurturant care at both 1 and 3 years are related to child adaptive social behavior, as are cognitively stimulating experiences and materials. However, canonical correlational analysis indicated that only Acceptance and Variety of Experience, measured at age 3, and Variety of Experience measured at age 1 accounted for independent amounts of variance in adaptive social behavior as perceived by mothers. Also, only sociocultural group status and Learning Materials at 36 months contributed to the prediction of persistence and enthusiasm as observed in the laboratory setting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)347-362
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of pediatric psychology
Volume20
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 1995
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adaptive social behavior
  • Home environment
  • Low birth weight children

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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    Bradley, R. H., Whiteside, L., Mundfrom, D. J., Blevins-knabe, B., Casey, P. H., Caldwell, B. M., Kelleher, K. H., Pope, S., & Barrett, K. (1995). Home environment and adaptive social behavior among premature, low birth weight children: Alternative models of environmental action. Journal of pediatric psychology, 20(3), 347-362. https://doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/20.3.347