HIV testing practices among Latina women at risk of getting infected

A five-year follow-up of a community sample in South Florida

Catalina Lopez-Quintero, Patria Rojas, Frank Dillon, Leah M. Varga, Mario De La Rosa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Latinos are more likely to delay HIV testing, present to care with an AIDS defining illness, and die within one year of learning their HIV-positive status than non-Latino blacks and whites. For this paper, we explore the role of partner-relationship characteristics and health behaviors, in predicting HIV testing among Latina adult women who engaged in risky sexual behaviors (i.e., unprotected vaginal and/or anal sex). Data from a convenience sample of 168 Latina adult women who engaged in risky sexual behavior in the year prior to assessment were analyzed for this paper. Rates and predictors of HIV testing among this sample were assessed after a five-year follow-up. Descriptive and analytical estimates include incidence rates and adjusted odds ratios (AOR) from multilevel models. At five-year follow-up, 63.7% (n = 107) women reported having been tested for HIV, of whom 12.2% (n = 13) were women who never tested before. Main reasons for not having been tested at follow-up included: low risk perception (62.1%) and trusting their partner(s)/being in a monogamous relationship/knowing their partner's HIV status (17.2%). Predictors of HIV testing included: age (AOR: 0.96; 95% CI = 0.92-0.99), provider endorsement of HIV testing (AOR: 4.59; 95% CI = 1.77-11.95), poor quality of their romantic relationships (AOR: 1.12; 95% CI = 1.03-1.26), and knowing the HIV sero-status of sexual partner (AOR: 3.61; 95% CI = 1.46-8.95). This study characterizes a group of Latina women at high risk for HIV infection and their HIV testing behaviors. Our findings underscore the need of increasing access to quality health-care services and HIV behavioral interventions, and to strengthen the adherence to HIV/sexually transmitted disease testing recommendations and guidelines among local health-care providers serving the Latino community in South Florida.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)137-146
Number of pages10
JournalAIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV
Volume28
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Hispanic Americans
HIV
community
Odds Ratio
partner relationship
Sexual Behavior
sexually transmitted disease
health care services
health behavior
AIDS
incidence
illness
health care
present
Unsafe Sex
Health Services Accessibility
Quality of Health Care
Sexual Partners
Health Behavior
learning

Keywords

  • Hispanic/Latina women
  • HIV testing
  • sexual risk behavior
  • sexual transmitted infections

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

HIV testing practices among Latina women at risk of getting infected : A five-year follow-up of a community sample in South Florida. / Lopez-Quintero, Catalina; Rojas, Patria; Dillon, Frank; Varga, Leah M.; De La Rosa, Mario.

In: AIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV, Vol. 28, No. 2, 01.02.2016, p. 137-146.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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