History of sound source localization: 1850-1950

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    Abstract

    While scientists and philosophers have been interested in sound source localization since the time of the ancient Greeks, the modern study of this topic probably began in the late 19th century. Because sound has no spatial dimensions, there were many arguments at this time as to how humans localize a source based on the sound it produces. Lord Rayleigh conducted a "garden experiment" and concluded that a binaural ratio of sound level at each ear could account for his ability to identify the location of people who spoke in the garden. This type of experiment began the modern investigation of the acoustic cues used for sound source localization. In the first half of the 20th century, psychoacousticians such as Licklider, Jeffress, Mills, Newman, Rosenzweig, Stevens, von Hornbostel, Wallach, Wertheimer, and many others (documented by Boring in Sensation and Perception, 1942 and by Blauert in Spatial Hearing, 1997) added seminal papers leading to our current understanding of sound source localization. This presentation will briefly review some of this history.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Article number050002
    JournalProceedings of Meetings on Acoustics
    Volume30
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jun 25 2017
    Event173rd Meeting of Acoustical Society of America, Acoustics 2017 and 8th Forum Acusticum - Boston, United States
    Duration: Jun 25 2017Jun 29 2017

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    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Acoustics and Ultrasonics

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