History, community milieu, and Christian-Muslim differentials in contraceptive use in sub-Saharan Africa

Victor Agadjanian, Scott T. Yabiku, Lubayna Fawcett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

In the globalization discourse, Christianity and Islam are often construed as representing two traditions that are conflicted and incompatible. This study engages the "clash of civilizations" discourse by examining Muslim-Christian differentials in the use of modern contraception in Nigeria, where Christians have a much higher contraceptive prevalence, and Tanzania, where Muslims are somewhat more likely to use contraception. Employing data from six nationally representative surveys conducted in the two countries between 1990 and 2004 and multilevel logistic regression, we find that the effects of religion remain strong but operate largely through the community religious milieu. Contraceptive use tends to be highest in religiously mixed areas, but the "optimal" religious makeup differs between the two nations, reflecting the historically shaped configurations of their religious expressions and politics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)462-479
Number of pages18
JournalJournal for the Scientific Study of Religion
Volume48
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 15 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Religious studies

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