Historical variation in young adult binge drinking trajectories and its link to historical variation in social roles and minimum legal drinking age

Justin Jager, Katherine M. Keyes, John E. Schulenberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • 9 Citations

Abstract

This study examines historical variation in age 18 to 26 binge drinking trajectories, focusing on differences in both levels of use and rates of change (growth) across cohorts of young adults over 3 decades. As part of the national Monitoring the Future Study, over 64,000 youths from the high school classes of 1976 to 2004 were surveyed at biennial intervals between ages 18 and 26. We found that, relative to past cohorts, recent cohorts both enter the 18 to 26 age band engaging in lower levels and exit the 18 to 26 age band engaging in higher levels of binge drinking. The reason for this reversal is that, relative to past cohorts, binge drinking among recent cohorts accelerates more quickly across ages 18 to 22 and decelerates more slowly across ages 22 to 26. Moreover, we found that historical increases in minimum legal drinking age account for a portion of the historical decline in age 18 level, whereas historical variation in social role acquisition (e.g., marriage, parenthood, and employment) accounts for a portion of the historical acceleration in age 18 to 22 growth. We also found that historical variation in the age 18 to 22 and age 22 to 26 growth rates was strongly and positively connected, suggesting common mechanism(s) underlie historical variation of both growth rates. Findings were generally consistent across gender and indicate that historical time is an important source of individual differences in young adult binge drinking trajectories. Beyond binge drinking, historical time may also inform the developmental course of other young adult risk behaviors, highlighting the interplay of epidemiology and etiology.

LanguageEnglish (US)
Pages962-974
Number of pages13
JournalDevelopmental Psychology
Volume51
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2015

Fingerprint

Binge Drinking
Social Role
young adult
Young Adult
Growth
Risk-Taking
Marriage
Individuality
Epidemiology
Underage Drinking
school class
parenthood
epidemiology
etiology
risk behavior
marriage

Keywords

  • Binge drinking
  • Historical variation
  • Minimum legal drinking age
  • Social role acquisition
  • Transition to adulthood

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies
  • Demography

Cite this

Historical variation in young adult binge drinking trajectories and its link to historical variation in social roles and minimum legal drinking age. / Jager, Justin; Keyes, Katherine M.; Schulenberg, John E.

In: Developmental Psychology, Vol. 51, No. 7, 01.07.2015, p. 962-974.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{586e6de9480248c682a18050b01240ed,
title = "Historical variation in young adult binge drinking trajectories and its link to historical variation in social roles and minimum legal drinking age",
abstract = "This study examines historical variation in age 18 to 26 binge drinking trajectories, focusing on differences in both levels of use and rates of change (growth) across cohorts of young adults over 3 decades. As part of the national Monitoring the Future Study, over 64,000 youths from the high school classes of 1976 to 2004 were surveyed at biennial intervals between ages 18 and 26. We found that, relative to past cohorts, recent cohorts both enter the 18 to 26 age band engaging in lower levels and exit the 18 to 26 age band engaging in higher levels of binge drinking. The reason for this reversal is that, relative to past cohorts, binge drinking among recent cohorts accelerates more quickly across ages 18 to 22 and decelerates more slowly across ages 22 to 26. Moreover, we found that historical increases in minimum legal drinking age account for a portion of the historical decline in age 18 level, whereas historical variation in social role acquisition (e.g., marriage, parenthood, and employment) accounts for a portion of the historical acceleration in age 18 to 22 growth. We also found that historical variation in the age 18 to 22 and age 22 to 26 growth rates was strongly and positively connected, suggesting common mechanism(s) underlie historical variation of both growth rates. Findings were generally consistent across gender and indicate that historical time is an important source of individual differences in young adult binge drinking trajectories. Beyond binge drinking, historical time may also inform the developmental course of other young adult risk behaviors, highlighting the interplay of epidemiology and etiology.",
keywords = "Binge drinking, Historical variation, Minimum legal drinking age, Social role acquisition, Transition to adulthood",
author = "Justin Jager and Keyes, {Katherine M.} and Schulenberg, {John E.}",
year = "2015",
month = "7",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1037/dev0000022",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "51",
pages = "962--974",
journal = "Developmental Psychology",
issn = "0012-1649",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "7",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Historical variation in young adult binge drinking trajectories and its link to historical variation in social roles and minimum legal drinking age

AU - Jager,Justin

AU - Keyes,Katherine M.

AU - Schulenberg,John E.

PY - 2015/7/1

Y1 - 2015/7/1

N2 - This study examines historical variation in age 18 to 26 binge drinking trajectories, focusing on differences in both levels of use and rates of change (growth) across cohorts of young adults over 3 decades. As part of the national Monitoring the Future Study, over 64,000 youths from the high school classes of 1976 to 2004 were surveyed at biennial intervals between ages 18 and 26. We found that, relative to past cohorts, recent cohorts both enter the 18 to 26 age band engaging in lower levels and exit the 18 to 26 age band engaging in higher levels of binge drinking. The reason for this reversal is that, relative to past cohorts, binge drinking among recent cohorts accelerates more quickly across ages 18 to 22 and decelerates more slowly across ages 22 to 26. Moreover, we found that historical increases in minimum legal drinking age account for a portion of the historical decline in age 18 level, whereas historical variation in social role acquisition (e.g., marriage, parenthood, and employment) accounts for a portion of the historical acceleration in age 18 to 22 growth. We also found that historical variation in the age 18 to 22 and age 22 to 26 growth rates was strongly and positively connected, suggesting common mechanism(s) underlie historical variation of both growth rates. Findings were generally consistent across gender and indicate that historical time is an important source of individual differences in young adult binge drinking trajectories. Beyond binge drinking, historical time may also inform the developmental course of other young adult risk behaviors, highlighting the interplay of epidemiology and etiology.

AB - This study examines historical variation in age 18 to 26 binge drinking trajectories, focusing on differences in both levels of use and rates of change (growth) across cohorts of young adults over 3 decades. As part of the national Monitoring the Future Study, over 64,000 youths from the high school classes of 1976 to 2004 were surveyed at biennial intervals between ages 18 and 26. We found that, relative to past cohorts, recent cohorts both enter the 18 to 26 age band engaging in lower levels and exit the 18 to 26 age band engaging in higher levels of binge drinking. The reason for this reversal is that, relative to past cohorts, binge drinking among recent cohorts accelerates more quickly across ages 18 to 22 and decelerates more slowly across ages 22 to 26. Moreover, we found that historical increases in minimum legal drinking age account for a portion of the historical decline in age 18 level, whereas historical variation in social role acquisition (e.g., marriage, parenthood, and employment) accounts for a portion of the historical acceleration in age 18 to 22 growth. We also found that historical variation in the age 18 to 22 and age 22 to 26 growth rates was strongly and positively connected, suggesting common mechanism(s) underlie historical variation of both growth rates. Findings were generally consistent across gender and indicate that historical time is an important source of individual differences in young adult binge drinking trajectories. Beyond binge drinking, historical time may also inform the developmental course of other young adult risk behaviors, highlighting the interplay of epidemiology and etiology.

KW - Binge drinking

KW - Historical variation

KW - Minimum legal drinking age

KW - Social role acquisition

KW - Transition to adulthood

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84933178367&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84933178367&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037/dev0000022

DO - 10.1037/dev0000022

M3 - Article

VL - 51

SP - 962

EP - 974

JO - Developmental Psychology

T2 - Developmental Psychology

JF - Developmental Psychology

SN - 0012-1649

IS - 7

ER -