Historical lessons on ID technology and the consequences of an unchecked trajectory

Katina Michael, M. G. Michael

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper traces the use of identification techniques throughout the ages and focuses on the growing importance of citizen identification by governments. The paper uses a historical approach beginning with manual techniques such as tattoos, through to more recent automatic identification (auto-ID) techniques such as smart cards and biometrics. The findings indicate that identification techniques born for one purpose have gradually found their way into alternate applications, and in some instances have been misused altogether. There is also strong evidence to suggest that governments are moving away from localized identification schemes to more global systems based on universal lifetime identifiers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)365-377
Number of pages13
JournalPrometheus (United Kingdom)
Volume24
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2006

Keywords

  • Automatic identification
  • Biometrics
  • Government
  • History
  • National identification
  • Smart card

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Earth-Surface Processes

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