Higher in status, (Even) better-than-average

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In 5 studies (total N = 1357) conducted online using Amazon's MTurk the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and the better-than-average effect (BTAE) was tested. Across the studies subjective measures of SES were positively correlated with magnitude of BTAE. Effects of objective measures (income and education) were weaker and less consistent. Measures of childhood SES (both objective and subjective) were positively correlated with BTAE magnitude, though less strongly and less consistently than measures of current subjective SES. Meta-analysis revealed all measures of chronic SES (with the exception of education) were significantly correlated with BTAE. However, manipulations of SES in terms of subjective status (Study 2), power (Study 3), and dominance (Study 4) did not have strong effects on BTAE magnitude (d's ranging from -0.04 to -0.14). Taken together the results suggest that chronic, but not temporary, status may be linked with a stronger tendency to overestimate one's abilities and positive traits.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number496
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Volume6
Issue numberAPR
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015

Fingerprint

Social Class
Education
Meta-Analysis

Keywords

  • Better-than-average-effect
  • Illusory superiority
  • Self-enhancement
  • SES
  • Social class

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Higher in status, (Even) better-than-average. / Varnum, Michael.

In: Frontiers in Psychology, Vol. 6, No. APR, 496, 2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{ece56299eaa24bd0ae2db858d20ed7f6,
title = "Higher in status, (Even) better-than-average",
abstract = "In 5 studies (total N = 1357) conducted online using Amazon's MTurk the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and the better-than-average effect (BTAE) was tested. Across the studies subjective measures of SES were positively correlated with magnitude of BTAE. Effects of objective measures (income and education) were weaker and less consistent. Measures of childhood SES (both objective and subjective) were positively correlated with BTAE magnitude, though less strongly and less consistently than measures of current subjective SES. Meta-analysis revealed all measures of chronic SES (with the exception of education) were significantly correlated with BTAE. However, manipulations of SES in terms of subjective status (Study 2), power (Study 3), and dominance (Study 4) did not have strong effects on BTAE magnitude (d's ranging from -0.04 to -0.14). Taken together the results suggest that chronic, but not temporary, status may be linked with a stronger tendency to overestimate one's abilities and positive traits.",
keywords = "Better-than-average-effect, Illusory superiority, Self-enhancement, SES, Social class",
author = "Michael Varnum",
year = "2015",
doi = "10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00496",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "6",
journal = "Frontiers in Psychology",
issn = "1664-1078",
publisher = "Frontiers Research Foundation",
number = "APR",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Higher in status, (Even) better-than-average

AU - Varnum, Michael

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - In 5 studies (total N = 1357) conducted online using Amazon's MTurk the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and the better-than-average effect (BTAE) was tested. Across the studies subjective measures of SES were positively correlated with magnitude of BTAE. Effects of objective measures (income and education) were weaker and less consistent. Measures of childhood SES (both objective and subjective) were positively correlated with BTAE magnitude, though less strongly and less consistently than measures of current subjective SES. Meta-analysis revealed all measures of chronic SES (with the exception of education) were significantly correlated with BTAE. However, manipulations of SES in terms of subjective status (Study 2), power (Study 3), and dominance (Study 4) did not have strong effects on BTAE magnitude (d's ranging from -0.04 to -0.14). Taken together the results suggest that chronic, but not temporary, status may be linked with a stronger tendency to overestimate one's abilities and positive traits.

AB - In 5 studies (total N = 1357) conducted online using Amazon's MTurk the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and the better-than-average effect (BTAE) was tested. Across the studies subjective measures of SES were positively correlated with magnitude of BTAE. Effects of objective measures (income and education) were weaker and less consistent. Measures of childhood SES (both objective and subjective) were positively correlated with BTAE magnitude, though less strongly and less consistently than measures of current subjective SES. Meta-analysis revealed all measures of chronic SES (with the exception of education) were significantly correlated with BTAE. However, manipulations of SES in terms of subjective status (Study 2), power (Study 3), and dominance (Study 4) did not have strong effects on BTAE magnitude (d's ranging from -0.04 to -0.14). Taken together the results suggest that chronic, but not temporary, status may be linked with a stronger tendency to overestimate one's abilities and positive traits.

KW - Better-than-average-effect

KW - Illusory superiority

KW - Self-enhancement

KW - SES

KW - Social class

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84930682364&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84930682364&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00496

DO - 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00496

M3 - Article

VL - 6

JO - Frontiers in Psychology

JF - Frontiers in Psychology

SN - 1664-1078

IS - APR

M1 - 496

ER -