We document that the employment share of high-skill-intensive services is much lower in China than in countries with similar GDP per capita. We build a model of structural change with goods and low- and high-skill-intensive services to account for this observation. We find that large distortions limit the size of high-skill-intensive services in China. If they were removed, both high-skill-intensive services and GDP per capita would increase considerably. We document a strong presence of state-owned enterprises in high-skill-intensive services and suggest that this leads to important distortions.
- High-skill-intensive services
- State-owned enterprises
- Structural change
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Economics and Econometrics