High-resolution electron microscopy of metal-intercalated "Graphimets"

David Smith, R. M. Fisher, L. A. Freeman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Samples of some commercially available catalysts (known as "Graphimets"), in the form of graphite which had been intercalated with chlorides of Fe, Co, Cu, Ni, and Pt and subsequently reduced at low temperatures, have been examined by high-resolution electron microscopy and other techniques. The observations revealed that the intercalated element was present primarily as small islands of either metal or metal oxide on the surfaces of thin graphite flakes which appeared to have separated as a consequence of the manufacturing procedure. The direct resolution of lattice fringes in electron micrographs of the small (10-100 Å) particles, together with subsequent optical diffraction, provided a means of microdiffraction analysis which enabled identification of the phases present. The very high reaction rate measured for graphite gasification in the case of the Fe Graphimet, which will be described in detail elsewhere, was in keeping with the small particle size and the correspondingly large surface area. Finally, the potential of electron microscopy at the lattice resolution level for resolving a number of outstanding questions concerning the role of small metal particles in catalysis is briefly discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)51-65
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Catalysis
Volume72
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1981
Externally publishedYes

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Graphite
High resolution electron microscopy
electron microscopy
graphite
Metals
high resolution
metals
gasification
flakes
metal particles
Gasification
Oxides
Electron microscopy
Catalysis
Reaction rates
catalysis
metal oxides
Chlorides
reaction kinetics
manufacturing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Process Chemistry and Technology

Cite this

High-resolution electron microscopy of metal-intercalated "Graphimets". / Smith, David; Fisher, R. M.; Freeman, L. A.

In: Journal of Catalysis, Vol. 72, No. 1, 1981, p. 51-65.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Smith, David ; Fisher, R. M. ; Freeman, L. A. / High-resolution electron microscopy of metal-intercalated "Graphimets". In: Journal of Catalysis. 1981 ; Vol. 72, No. 1. pp. 51-65.
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