Heterogeneous catalysts for biomass-derived alcohols and acid conversion

Gheorghita Mitran, Octavian Dumitru Pavel, Dong Kyun Seo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Recently, chemical and fuel production from biomass derivatives has been replacing petrochemicals more and more. Biomass derivatives, such as alcohols and acids, are important platform chemicals at the industrial scale. The advantages of these platform molecules lie in their low volatility, high reactivity and oxygen content, easy solubility in water, low thermal stability, and their ability to react easily in aqueous solutions at low temperatures and in the presence of suitable catalysts. Alcohols derived from biomass are mainly used as fuels, leading to a considerable reduction in pollutant emissions and as raw materials in the chemical industry. Carboxylic acids are mainly used as precursors for polyester synthesis, which are the most promising green polymers. The purpose of this chapter is to provide an overview of the processes, technologies, and catalysts used to convert alcohols and carboxylic acids derived from renewable sources.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHeterogeneous Catalysis
Subtitle of host publicationMaterials and Applications
PublisherElsevier
Pages297-326
Number of pages30
ISBN (Electronic)9780323856126
ISBN (Print)9780323856324
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Acid reduction
  • Acids
  • Alcohols
  • Alkylation
  • Biomass
  • Decarboxylation
  • Fuels
  • Heterogeneous catalysts
  • Oxidation
  • Polyesters

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

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