Hemorrhagic enteritis of turkeys

J. M. Sharma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hemorrhagic enteritis (HE), an economically important disease of turkeys is caused by a type II adenovirus. The virus is ubiquitous and is liable to infect most field turkeys. In unprotected turkey flocks, infection with virulent hemorrhagic enteritis virus (HEV) may result in variable mortality and immunodepression. Turkeys younger than 2-4 weeks of age are resistant to clinical HE. This age-related resistance is expressed in the presence or absence of maternal antibodies against HEV. Clinical disease is characterized by HE and splenomegaly. The virus causes intranuclear inclusions in the reticuloendothelial cells. Bursectomy or splenectomy abrogate clinical HE. Field data and laboratory studies indicate that HEV causes immunodepression in the humoral as well as the cellular immune functions of turkeys. The mechanism of immunodepression is not known.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)67-71
Number of pages5
JournalVeterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
Volume30
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1991
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

hemorrhagic enteritis
Enteritis
Aviadenovirus
Viruses
Immunosuppression
splenomegaly
viruses
poultry diseases
maternal immunity
Adenoviridae
flocks
Intranuclear Inclusion Bodies
Splenomegaly
Splenectomy
infection
Mothers
cells
Mortality
Antibodies
Infection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Immunology
  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Hemorrhagic enteritis of turkeys. / Sharma, J. M.

In: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, Vol. 30, No. 1, 1991, p. 67-71.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sharma, J. M. / Hemorrhagic enteritis of turkeys. In: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology. 1991 ; Vol. 30, No. 1. pp. 67-71.
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