Heat transfer fluids for concentrating solar power systems - A review

K. Vignarooban, Xinhai Xu, A. Arvay, K. Hsu, Arunachala Mada Kannan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

275 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

There is a strong motivation to explore the possibility of harnessing solar thermal energy around the world, especially in locations with temperate weather. This review discusses the current status of heat transfer fluid, which is one of the critical components for storing and transferring thermal energy in concentrating solar power systems. Various types of heat transfer fluids including air, water/steam, thermal oils, organic fluids, molten-salts and liquid metals are reviewed in detail, particularly regarding the melting temperature, thermal stability limit and corrosion issues. Stainless steels and nickel based alloys are the typical piping and container materials for heat transfer fluids. Stability of the stainless steels and alloys while in contact with heat transfer fluids is very important for the longevity of concentrating solar power systems. Corrosion properties of stainless steels and nickel based alloys in different heat transfer fluids are discussed in terms of corrosion rates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)383-396
Number of pages14
JournalApplied Energy
Volume146
DOIs
StatePublished - May 5 2015

Fingerprint

solar power
Solar energy
heat transfer
Heat transfer
Fluids
fluid
corrosion
Stainless steel
steel
Thermal energy
nickel
Nickel
Corrosion
piping
Corrosion rate
Liquid metals
Contacts (fluid mechanics)
Containers
Melting point
energy

Keywords

  • Concentrating solar power
  • Heat transfer fluids
  • High temperature corrosion
  • Molten salts
  • Thermal energy storage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy(all)
  • Civil and Structural Engineering

Cite this

Heat transfer fluids for concentrating solar power systems - A review. / Vignarooban, K.; Xu, Xinhai; Arvay, A.; Hsu, K.; Mada Kannan, Arunachala.

In: Applied Energy, Vol. 146, 05.05.2015, p. 383-396.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Vignarooban, K. ; Xu, Xinhai ; Arvay, A. ; Hsu, K. ; Mada Kannan, Arunachala. / Heat transfer fluids for concentrating solar power systems - A review. In: Applied Energy. 2015 ; Vol. 146. pp. 383-396.
@article{060ea2c9a2b24673bf817d6f48e556b5,
title = "Heat transfer fluids for concentrating solar power systems - A review",
abstract = "There is a strong motivation to explore the possibility of harnessing solar thermal energy around the world, especially in locations with temperate weather. This review discusses the current status of heat transfer fluid, which is one of the critical components for storing and transferring thermal energy in concentrating solar power systems. Various types of heat transfer fluids including air, water/steam, thermal oils, organic fluids, molten-salts and liquid metals are reviewed in detail, particularly regarding the melting temperature, thermal stability limit and corrosion issues. Stainless steels and nickel based alloys are the typical piping and container materials for heat transfer fluids. Stability of the stainless steels and alloys while in contact with heat transfer fluids is very important for the longevity of concentrating solar power systems. Corrosion properties of stainless steels and nickel based alloys in different heat transfer fluids are discussed in terms of corrosion rates.",
keywords = "Concentrating solar power, Heat transfer fluids, High temperature corrosion, Molten salts, Thermal energy storage",
author = "K. Vignarooban and Xinhai Xu and A. Arvay and K. Hsu and {Mada Kannan}, Arunachala",
year = "2015",
month = "5",
day = "5",
doi = "10.1016/j.apenergy.2015.01.125",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "146",
pages = "383--396",
journal = "Applied Energy",
issn = "0306-2619",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Heat transfer fluids for concentrating solar power systems - A review

AU - Vignarooban, K.

AU - Xu, Xinhai

AU - Arvay, A.

AU - Hsu, K.

AU - Mada Kannan, Arunachala

PY - 2015/5/5

Y1 - 2015/5/5

N2 - There is a strong motivation to explore the possibility of harnessing solar thermal energy around the world, especially in locations with temperate weather. This review discusses the current status of heat transfer fluid, which is one of the critical components for storing and transferring thermal energy in concentrating solar power systems. Various types of heat transfer fluids including air, water/steam, thermal oils, organic fluids, molten-salts and liquid metals are reviewed in detail, particularly regarding the melting temperature, thermal stability limit and corrosion issues. Stainless steels and nickel based alloys are the typical piping and container materials for heat transfer fluids. Stability of the stainless steels and alloys while in contact with heat transfer fluids is very important for the longevity of concentrating solar power systems. Corrosion properties of stainless steels and nickel based alloys in different heat transfer fluids are discussed in terms of corrosion rates.

AB - There is a strong motivation to explore the possibility of harnessing solar thermal energy around the world, especially in locations with temperate weather. This review discusses the current status of heat transfer fluid, which is one of the critical components for storing and transferring thermal energy in concentrating solar power systems. Various types of heat transfer fluids including air, water/steam, thermal oils, organic fluids, molten-salts and liquid metals are reviewed in detail, particularly regarding the melting temperature, thermal stability limit and corrosion issues. Stainless steels and nickel based alloys are the typical piping and container materials for heat transfer fluids. Stability of the stainless steels and alloys while in contact with heat transfer fluids is very important for the longevity of concentrating solar power systems. Corrosion properties of stainless steels and nickel based alloys in different heat transfer fluids are discussed in terms of corrosion rates.

KW - Concentrating solar power

KW - Heat transfer fluids

KW - High temperature corrosion

KW - Molten salts

KW - Thermal energy storage

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84924270995&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84924270995&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.apenergy.2015.01.125

DO - 10.1016/j.apenergy.2015.01.125

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84924270995

VL - 146

SP - 383

EP - 396

JO - Applied Energy

JF - Applied Energy

SN - 0306-2619

ER -