Heart rate, health, and hurtful behavior

J. Richard Jennings, Dustin Pardini, Karen A. Matthews

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hostility is a risk factor for cardiovascular events. When challenged, individuals high on hostility exhibit a hyperreactive psychophysiological response to stressors, thereby increasing risk for developing cardiovascular disease. However, low resting heart rate (HR) is associated with physical aggression and hostility in children, adolescents, and adults. Based on a community sample of 296 men (mean age = 32.0), we (a) address whether aggression/hostility relates to physical health through relationships with cardiovascular levels at rest and in response to stressors, and (b) determine how relations between aggression and health are altered by including psychophysiological indices in statistical models. The Cook-Medley cynical/hostile attitudes and the Buss-Perry physical aggression and hostility measures assessed aggression. Health was assessed as systolic blood pressure (SBP), report of medical conditions, and a metabolic composite. Reactivity to stressors was assessed with HR, SBP, and diastolic blood pressure. Aggression was negatively related to both resting HR and reactivity. High resting HR and reactivity were, however, positively related to poor health. Thus, the relationship between aggression and HR and reactivity suppressed an overall relationship between high aggression/hostility and poor health. In the presence of covariates for socioeconomic status, race, health behaviors, and medications, the relationship between aggression and health was significantly strengthened when HR level and reactivity were included in models. In sum, at early midlife, low HR among aggressive and hostile individuals is related to less health risk. Aggression and hostility have a deleterious influence on health, but primarily among individuals with higher HR and possibly greater cardiovascular reactivity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)399-408
Number of pages10
JournalPsychophysiology
Volume54
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2017

Fingerprint

Aggression
Hostility
Heart Rate
Health
Blood Pressure
Health Behavior
Reactivity
Statistical Models
Social Class
Cardiovascular Diseases

Keywords

  • Aggression
  • Blood pressure
  • Hostility
  • HR
  • Reactivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Physiology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

Heart rate, health, and hurtful behavior. / Jennings, J. Richard; Pardini, Dustin; Matthews, Karen A.

In: Psychophysiology, Vol. 54, No. 3, 01.03.2017, p. 399-408.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jennings, JR, Pardini, D & Matthews, KA 2017, 'Heart rate, health, and hurtful behavior', Psychophysiology, vol. 54, no. 3, pp. 399-408. https://doi.org/10.1111/psyp.12802
Jennings, J. Richard ; Pardini, Dustin ; Matthews, Karen A. / Heart rate, health, and hurtful behavior. In: Psychophysiology. 2017 ; Vol. 54, No. 3. pp. 399-408.
@article{0774ddbb8e2f42328473cfd33e233c5f,
title = "Heart rate, health, and hurtful behavior",
abstract = "Hostility is a risk factor for cardiovascular events. When challenged, individuals high on hostility exhibit a hyperreactive psychophysiological response to stressors, thereby increasing risk for developing cardiovascular disease. However, low resting heart rate (HR) is associated with physical aggression and hostility in children, adolescents, and adults. Based on a community sample of 296 men (mean age = 32.0), we (a) address whether aggression/hostility relates to physical health through relationships with cardiovascular levels at rest and in response to stressors, and (b) determine how relations between aggression and health are altered by including psychophysiological indices in statistical models. The Cook-Medley cynical/hostile attitudes and the Buss-Perry physical aggression and hostility measures assessed aggression. Health was assessed as systolic blood pressure (SBP), report of medical conditions, and a metabolic composite. Reactivity to stressors was assessed with HR, SBP, and diastolic blood pressure. Aggression was negatively related to both resting HR and reactivity. High resting HR and reactivity were, however, positively related to poor health. Thus, the relationship between aggression and HR and reactivity suppressed an overall relationship between high aggression/hostility and poor health. In the presence of covariates for socioeconomic status, race, health behaviors, and medications, the relationship between aggression and health was significantly strengthened when HR level and reactivity were included in models. In sum, at early midlife, low HR among aggressive and hostile individuals is related to less health risk. Aggression and hostility have a deleterious influence on health, but primarily among individuals with higher HR and possibly greater cardiovascular reactivity.",
keywords = "Aggression, Blood pressure, Hostility, HR, Reactivity",
author = "Jennings, {J. Richard} and Dustin Pardini and Matthews, {Karen A.}",
year = "2017",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/psyp.12802",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "54",
pages = "399--408",
journal = "Psychophysiology",
issn = "0048-5772",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Heart rate, health, and hurtful behavior

AU - Jennings, J. Richard

AU - Pardini, Dustin

AU - Matthews, Karen A.

PY - 2017/3/1

Y1 - 2017/3/1

N2 - Hostility is a risk factor for cardiovascular events. When challenged, individuals high on hostility exhibit a hyperreactive psychophysiological response to stressors, thereby increasing risk for developing cardiovascular disease. However, low resting heart rate (HR) is associated with physical aggression and hostility in children, adolescents, and adults. Based on a community sample of 296 men (mean age = 32.0), we (a) address whether aggression/hostility relates to physical health through relationships with cardiovascular levels at rest and in response to stressors, and (b) determine how relations between aggression and health are altered by including psychophysiological indices in statistical models. The Cook-Medley cynical/hostile attitudes and the Buss-Perry physical aggression and hostility measures assessed aggression. Health was assessed as systolic blood pressure (SBP), report of medical conditions, and a metabolic composite. Reactivity to stressors was assessed with HR, SBP, and diastolic blood pressure. Aggression was negatively related to both resting HR and reactivity. High resting HR and reactivity were, however, positively related to poor health. Thus, the relationship between aggression and HR and reactivity suppressed an overall relationship between high aggression/hostility and poor health. In the presence of covariates for socioeconomic status, race, health behaviors, and medications, the relationship between aggression and health was significantly strengthened when HR level and reactivity were included in models. In sum, at early midlife, low HR among aggressive and hostile individuals is related to less health risk. Aggression and hostility have a deleterious influence on health, but primarily among individuals with higher HR and possibly greater cardiovascular reactivity.

AB - Hostility is a risk factor for cardiovascular events. When challenged, individuals high on hostility exhibit a hyperreactive psychophysiological response to stressors, thereby increasing risk for developing cardiovascular disease. However, low resting heart rate (HR) is associated with physical aggression and hostility in children, adolescents, and adults. Based on a community sample of 296 men (mean age = 32.0), we (a) address whether aggression/hostility relates to physical health through relationships with cardiovascular levels at rest and in response to stressors, and (b) determine how relations between aggression and health are altered by including psychophysiological indices in statistical models. The Cook-Medley cynical/hostile attitudes and the Buss-Perry physical aggression and hostility measures assessed aggression. Health was assessed as systolic blood pressure (SBP), report of medical conditions, and a metabolic composite. Reactivity to stressors was assessed with HR, SBP, and diastolic blood pressure. Aggression was negatively related to both resting HR and reactivity. High resting HR and reactivity were, however, positively related to poor health. Thus, the relationship between aggression and HR and reactivity suppressed an overall relationship between high aggression/hostility and poor health. In the presence of covariates for socioeconomic status, race, health behaviors, and medications, the relationship between aggression and health was significantly strengthened when HR level and reactivity were included in models. In sum, at early midlife, low HR among aggressive and hostile individuals is related to less health risk. Aggression and hostility have a deleterious influence on health, but primarily among individuals with higher HR and possibly greater cardiovascular reactivity.

KW - Aggression

KW - Blood pressure

KW - Hostility

KW - HR

KW - Reactivity

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85007442916&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85007442916&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/psyp.12802

DO - 10.1111/psyp.12802

M3 - Article

VL - 54

SP - 399

EP - 408

JO - Psychophysiology

JF - Psychophysiology

SN - 0048-5772

IS - 3

ER -