Hannibal's trek across the alps: Geomorphological analysis of sites of geoarchaeological interest

William C. Mahaney, Volli Kalm, Randy W. Dirszowsky, Michael W. Milner, Rana Sodhi, Roelf Beukens, Ronald Dorn, Pierre Tricart, Stéphane Schwartz, Eva Chamorro-Perez, Sal Boccia, René W. Barendregt, D. H. Krinsley, E. R. Seaquist, David Merrick, Barbara Kapran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

A ~2200 year-old question related to Hannibal's invasion route across the Alps into Italia, has been argued by classicists without recovery of material evidence. A comparison of topographical descriptions in the ancient literature with environmental parameters in the Alps, attempted here for the first time, provides a database against which various pathways can be assessed. Identification of sites using geological, geomorphological, astronomical, chemical and petrological methods leads to the exclusion of certain transit points and targeting of others where geoarchaeological excavation might yield important evidence related to the military culture of ancient Carthage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)39-54
Number of pages16
JournalMediterranean Archaeology and Archaeometry
Volume8
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2008

Keywords

  • 218 BC
  • Alps
  • Fired rock controversy
  • Geoarchaeology
  • Geomorphology
  • Hannibalic invasion of Italia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Conservation
  • Archaeology
  • History
  • Anthropology
  • Archaeology

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