Hall mobility and carrier concentration in free-standing high quality GaN templates grown by hydride vapor phase epitaxy

D. Huang, F. Yun, M. A. Reshchikov, D. Wang, H. Morkoç, D. L. Rode, L. A. Farina, Ç Kurdak, Kong-Thon Tsen, S. S. Park, K. Y. Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

56 Scopus citations

Abstract

Measured and calculated (without any adjustable material parameter) electron Hall mobility and carrier concentration in the range of 26.5-273 K are reported for a high-mobility free-standing bulk GaN grown by hydride vapor phase epitaxy. The peak electron mobility of 7386 cm2/Vs at 48 K and a value of 1425 cm2/Vs at 273 K were measured. An iterative solution of the Boltzmann equation was applied to calculate the mobility using the materials parameters either measured on the sample under study or recent values that are just becoming available with only the acceptor concentration being variable. Using only one donor and one conducting layer system, the donor and acceptor concentrations of 1.76 × 1016 and 2.4 × 1015 cm-3, respectively, satisfy simultaneously the charge neutrality and electron mobility at all temperatures within the framework of the iterative method and measurements. The donor activation energy was determined to be 25.2 meV and is consistent with the value of about 30 meV for the hydrogenic ground state in a dilute semiconductor. The high electron mobility, low background impurity concentration, low compensation ratio, and negligible dislocation scattering demonstrate the high quality of the material studied.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)711-715
Number of pages5
JournalSolid-State Electronics
Volume45
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2001

Keywords

  • GaN
  • HVPE
  • Hall factor
  • Mobility
  • Scattering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry

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    Huang, D., Yun, F., Reshchikov, M. A., Wang, D., Morkoç, H., Rode, D. L., Farina, L. A., Kurdak, Ç., Tsen, K-T., Park, S. S., & Lee, K. Y. (2001). Hall mobility and carrier concentration in free-standing high quality GaN templates grown by hydride vapor phase epitaxy. Solid-State Electronics, 45(5), 711-715. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0038-1101(01)00088-0