Growth morphologies, fragmentation patterns, and hardness in sodium hydrogen urate monohydrate

A. B. Brune, William Petuskey

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mechanical properties and new morphological data on synthetic sodium hydrogen urate monohydrate are reported and interpreted. Crystals formed in supersaturated aqueous solutions were identified by powder x-ray diffraction. Intact grains and separate needles were examined by several microscopy techniques, some reported here for the first time. The dominant morphology was spherulite-type, comprising tapered, branched blades (needles) radiating out of a common core. The pointed blade tips were truncated by (011) planes, corresponding to hydrogen-bonded planes. Branching was at about a 5° angle or its multiples, suggesting it accommodated by dislocation arrays at the low angle boundaries, as is often seen in twinning. Vicker's microhardness, extrapolated to zero porosity, was 0.90 GPa, which is greater than the hardness measured by nano-indentation. Present results are anticipated to be useful in interpreting the mechanical characteristics of the material crystallized in vivo and its action concerning gout, and affording inferences on the role of the milieu on morphologies, fragmentation, and hardness.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMaterials Research Society Symposium Proceedings
PublisherMaterials Research Society
Pages7-12
Number of pages6
Volume1721
EditionJanuary
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015
Event2014 MRS Fall Meeting - Boston, United States
Duration: Nov 30 2014Dec 5 2014

Other

Other2014 MRS Fall Meeting
CountryUnited States
CityBoston
Period11/30/1412/5/14

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials

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    Brune, A. B., & Petuskey, W. (2015). Growth morphologies, fragmentation patterns, and hardness in sodium hydrogen urate monohydrate. In Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings (January ed., Vol. 1721, pp. 7-12). Materials Research Society. https://doi.org/10.1557/opl.2015.11